TYPHOID FEVER IN SING SING PRISON.
IT is no wonder that there is an outbreak of typhoid fever in the State prison at Sing Stag, N. Y. In the beginning,when it was suggested by FIRE AND WATER that the cause would be found to lie in the water supply, the idea was scouted by the authorities, medical and lay, of the prison ;but no satisfactory reason could be given for the presence of the epidemic, though many speculative opinions were put forward. As, however, ft was no longer a theory but a stern condition that confronted those in charge of the prison, a stricter investigation Was made, with the result that the prison physician has traced the epidemic to the water supply. This is received through a stone conduit connecting the old Croton aqueduct with the prison yard. This conduit was laid about fifty years ago, and in many places the masonry has weakened through age, so that surface water percolates through it and mixes with the water drunk by the prisoners. This surface water is, of course, more or less impure. There are many houses and stables along the line of the conduit, and in some cases directly over it. Besides that, when the State authorities established the prison, they built it at the foot of the river bank, so little above highwater mark that it never has had proper drainage facilities. At times of unusually high water the sewage of the institution always backs up, thus endangering the health of the inmates. In addition to that source of evil, besides its own sewage, the institution is menaced by that of the village, as the main sewer of Sing Sing empties into the Hudson scarcely a quarter of a mile above the north wall of the prison yard. And yet the prison authorities wondered why they had so many typhoid cases, two of them fatal, on their hands!