FITCHBURG, MASS., keeps adding to its stock of meters, having set ninety-three last year, making a total of 1,871 now in use—viz, 1,695 domestic and 176 used in manufactories. Its water registrar reports having received from metered water for manufacturing purposes during 1896, $12,026.48, for domestic purposes, $19,034.27— total, $31,061.26, and from water rates $27,586.77—total receipts, $58,649.03, nearly two-thirds of which came from metered water. Of these 1,871 meters the city owns only 176. The makes of the meters are as follows: Union rotary, 564. Union duplex, one’ Ball & Fitts, fifty; Crown,377;Nash, seventy-two; Hersev disk and Mersey Torrent. 203; Thomson, 547; Trident, forty-four; the Worthington and Neptune being also represented.
Detroit, Mich., shows that in x8S8 the pumpage was 14,880,166,670 gallons—an average of 390,098 gallons for each of the 36,863 families supplied Meterage of the water suppPed began in 1889; when 39.158 families took water, the pumpage was 12.875.334,453 gallons, or 328.880 gallons for each family. After that year the figures run as follows: 1890—families, 41,467, pumpage. 12,120.944,453 gallons, average per family, 292,300 gallons; 1891—43,933. 12,057,261,236, 274,470; 1892 —46,400, 12,276.612482,264,582; 1893—49817, 13,-877, 977208, 278,579; 1894-49.912, 13,649.779,605, 273,476; 1895—51,426, 14.698,451.954, 285,818; 1896—53,941, 13,-254 369,371, 245.7I9No wonder, therefore, that the report of the water commissioners says:
For the last eight years there has been an unanimity of sentiment among the different members of the board upon the subject of the “economy of waste,” and to that end it has devoted to the purchase, placing, and care of meters a sum averaging each year about $20,000.
In Detroit, during the past year 8og meters were set—795 at the request of consumers, making the total number now in use 4,584 of which 4 329 were of the following makes; Thomson make,4 329; the remainder being Hersey, Worthington,Union rotary, Buffalo, and Crown makes. The meter system keeps growing in favor in the Michigan city, where people
now understand (says the report) that it only requires good plumbing and reasonable care in order to get an abundant supply of water at a very small cost. * * * The meter
(continues the report), in addition to its being a great leak detector, etc., has a moral feature that should not be overlooked. if all consumers were metered water could be furnished in this city at such small cost, that every person could have a bountiful supply, and nobody need resort to any misrepresentations such as concealing families, fixtures, etc.— something that would certainly relieve the conscience of an occasional water consumer.
As to the loss by wear and tear of meters; The Detroit authorities have been deducting ten per cent, each year from the valuation of meters in service to cover such loss. It is evident, however, that five per cent, will fully provide for all losses from that source, as several meters were recently tested in Detroit, which, though they have been in service for seven years and over, were found to be in perfect order. In some cases a portion of the gear had to be replaced; otherwise, the machine was
apparently as good as new, proving (the report says) that at the end of ten years a large proportion of the meters that have been in use that length of time will be good for at least as many more years, and probably much longer, only requiring reasonable care and a slight amount of repairs.
Wilmington, Del., set 133 meters last year, making the total number now in use 530. Thirty meters were also placed upon services from which no revenue is received to ascertain what credit the department should have from this source. Of the 449 meters originally set up to 1896 there were 17.’ Thomson, 124 Thomson “ B,” 121 Trident, nine Nash; the remainder were Buffalo, Union, Mersey. Worthington, Nash, Empire, and Gem. Of these seventy-two in all were taken out and 131 set last year. These were as follows: Thomson, twenty-five; Thomson “ B,” sixteen; Thomson-Lambert, twelve; Trident, forty-five; Union, seven; Mersey, twelve; Davis, one; Columbia, twelve; Crown, one.
At Cambridge, Mass., the 357 meters in use produced a revenue for metered water of $73,298.73.
Northampton, Mass., added seven meters in 1896, making the whole number now in use thirty-eight. The consumers of water include 3,604 families, besides 5,571 other methods of using water in the shape of bath tubs, 1,056, closets, 2,145, hose and private hydrants.444. horses and cattle, 1,511, public buildings, hotels, and boarding houses, fountains public, private, and drinking, water troughs, elevators, motors, etc., etc., etc.
At Jacksonville, Fla., out of 1,534 taps *n use, 590 are metered. A great saving has been effected by their means.
Medford,Mass., added twelve, and discontinued five meters during the past year, leaving seven-seven in use. It has also a Venturi meter set on trial.