In speaking of the pollution of the sources of water supply Dr. Eugene H. Porter, New York State commissioner of health, recently said: In Pittsburg since 1900 the death rate has run from 124 to 144 per 100,000 of population. Drinking the sewage-laden waters of the Allegheny and Monongahela, it has the proud distinction of being the banner city for typhoid fever. Lowell and Lawrence teach an instructive and illuminating lesson. Lowell discharged its sewage into the Merritnac river. Nine miles below Lawrence had an intake. In 1890, when Lowell’s deaths were 170 per 100,000. Lawrence swelled to 134. The next year the upstream city dropped to about 100, and the downcurrent settlement went to 119. while another slight reduction above resulted in a drop of 106 below. Tired of this, finally Lawrence put in a filtration plant. The rate dropped the first year to forty-eight, and is still diminishing. Lowell also stopped using the Merrimae water, and resorted to a driven well supply with a reduction of about seventy-five per cent, on typhoid cases. Cleveland and Chicago gulp down their own sewage, and typhoid is master. The record epidemic at Ithaca demonstrates the need of the establishment of rules for the protection of water supplies and the urgent and effective enforcement of these rules.
A Chicago dispatch says that the “old fight between the water company and the citizens of Lake Forest. Ill., was renewed the other day, when a small delegation of irate citizens, headed by Mayor Frederick H. Gade, petitioned Judge Donnelly. of Waukegan, for an injunction restraining the water company from raising its rates. Consumers are now paying twenty cents for a thousand gallons, according to an ordinance passed by the citv council last January. The new rates which the water company proposes to establish will raise the rate five cents. One suit brought by the water company against the people is now pending in the courts, the company having attacked the right of the people to adjust their rates. The company’s franchise will expire in fifteen years.