An important case was heard by Chief Justice Peters at Bangor, Me., involving similar cases in other places. It is an action brought by the Portland Water Company against Portland to recover two semi-annual payments of $2,000 each, claimed to be due from the city. The case is pending in the supreme court in Cumberland county, and .was referred by agreement to Chief Justice Peters. It involves the validity and effect of a written contract between the company and city, dated September, 1870, according to the terms of which the city is to pay the company $4,000 annually in two semiannual payments for the use of water to be supplied for certain public purposes specified in the contract. During the year of the administration of Mayor Ingraham, the city refused to pay this sum, claiming that by the original agreement with the water company water was to be furnished free for municipal purposes.

Judgment for $4,837 has been entered against the Creenbush, N. Y., Water-works Company, whose office is at White Plains, N. Y. in favor of the First National Bank of Wrightsville, Penn.

The Yonkers, N. Y., board of water commissioners has awarded the contract for supplying the city with a quantity of water-pipes and castings to Messrs. R. I ). Wood Co. for $10,640.25.

The engineering Magazine for February contains a very interesting article on sand filtration of drinking water by George W . fuller, of Lawrence, Mass., who is now in charge of the experiment station of the state board of health at the lower end of the north canal. Mr. Fuller was graduated from the Institute of Technology, in the department of chemistry, lie then took a course in bacteriology at the hygienic institute of the university of Berlin ar.d studied in the private lalxrratory of Piefke, the distinguishsd engineer in charge of the Berlin water filters. Since 1890 he has been connected with the Massachusetts state board of health as an expert water analyst and lecturer on bacteriology at the Institute of Techno’ogy. Ilisartide contains four full page illustrations of the Lawrence filter. After a general statement of the danger in drinking water contaminated by the waste products of human life and of early experiments in filtration, it gives a history of the investigations at the experiment station in that city and a description of the local filter. In the introduction of public water supplies Mr. Fuller says the American cities have not been slow, but less can be said of the quality of the water. J fe cites Chicago, with its infected water and 1,790 deaths from typhoid fever for the year ending Sept. 30, 1892. The number of deaths for ten thousand population from typhoid fever has been reduced by Boston’s taking its water supply from uninhabited water sheds from 17.4 in 1846-49 to 3.2 in 1890-92. The Lawrence filter, which has a calculated daily c ipicity of 5,000,000 gallons, he says, delivers water to the consumers with all but one-half of one per cent, of the bacteria removed, the few remaining being of a kind which are not known to be in any way injurious to health. He calls attention to the decrease of typhoid mortality in that city.

Tne system for which bids are now invited at Freeport N. Y. includes engine and pump-houses, pumps, 5 2-3% miles of mains and pipe, a stand-pipe, and 80 lire hydrants. Bids for the construction of the fire wells, for which $5,000 was appropriated, will also be received. The cost of the waterworks system is not to exceed $45,000.

Caledonia, la., has been bonded in the surr, of $8,000 for a water-works plant.

The I’enn Yuri, N. V., board of Aldermen has passed a resolution for the appointment of a committee to investigate the subject of a water supply.

Water-wcrks arc in contemplation at Vernon, B. C.

At a meeting of the Troy, N. Y., water commissioners, the clerk was directed to obtain prices on water pipe.

At a meeting of the Syracuse common council a resolution was adopted providing for the issuing of $300,000 worth of 4 per cent, water bonds. An effort had been made to secure purchasers of the issue at 3 ⅛ percent, lut no bids were received. The water board will now advertise for bids at the increased rate of interest.

It is stated in press reports that water-works are proposed at Edwardsville, Ill.

For Bridgcville, Conn., a charter was obtained from the last legislature for a water supply company by individuals, but no organization has been perfected as yet. A survey and estimate has, however, been made.

Gainesville, Tex., has the Holly system of water-works in full operation, and has had for ten years ; is owned and operated by a private company. However, the city contemplates sinking an artesian well. With that object in view the city is preparing to issue bonds.

The proposition was submitted to bond the city of Brunswick, Mo., for a system of water-works at a special election, held on January 13, in the sum of fio,ooo, which proposition was carried. The Board has taken no further action than to declare the result of the vote.

The Tremont, Ill., Water-Works have been incorporated by the following gentlemen : A. 1). Davis, N. G. Nichols, Jacob Vftlch, and Peter Sommer ; capital stock, $4,500. Works will be put in next spring.

The town of Clear lake, Iowa, will vote on the question of bonding the city for the purpose of putting in a system of water-works. The election will be held the first Monday in March.

West Point, Va., has had a bill passed by the legislature granting the privilege of borrowing money on bonds to the amount of $8,000, providing that two-thirds of the voting population of the town vote to borrow same, to erect tanks and pumping works and lay pipes for water supply for fire purposes.

The matter of the extension of water mains, Sandusky, O., will be voted on at the coming spring election.

At a meeting of the Malden, Mass., board of aldermen, a resolution was adopted authorizing the mayor to appoint a commission to investigate and report on an additional water supply.

At a meeting of the city council of Perry, Okla., on Jan. 30. an ordinance was passed calling an election on the questoin of water bonds. The election will be held on Feb. 21, and the amount desired to be issued is $60,000.

Marecllus, Mich., press reports state that the question of water-works, at a cost of $8,ot;o, will be voted on at an election in March.

At Caledonia, Minn., eight thousand dollars has been voted for water-works.

Marshall, Mich., press reports announce the result of the election on the question of $50,000 bonds for water-works as favorable to the proposition.

Charles S. Sturtevant, consulting engineer, St. Louis, Mo., received the following bids for constructing a complete system of water-works at Bolivar, Mo. • For entire works—Fairbanks, Morse & Co., St. Louis, Mo., $13,149.50; Blanchard & Gosncy, Springfield, Mo., $12,324; The Consolidated Engineering Company, St. Louis, Mo., $18,980; J. R, Truesdale, St. Louis, Mo., $13,290; E. A. Rodiger, C, 15., Nebraska City, Neb., $11,975; O, J. Gorman & Co., Dallas, Tex., $11,524; George W, Dudley, St. Louis, Mo., $11,267.

At Mt. Sterling. III., the question of city water-works is stated to be under discussion.

Humphrey Neb., the Press reports state that the city has under consideration water-works and an electric light plant combined.

The matter of a system of water-works is under discussion at Downer’s Grove, 111.

At Duluth, Minn., the Mayor having vetoed the ordinance authorizing an issue of $800,000 bonds for the construction of extensions to the system of water-works ; the common council passed the measure over the veto.

Water-works and electric lights will be put in at a cost of $25,000 at Reedsburg, Wis.

At Grand Forks, N. IX, a system of filtering for city water is proposed.

Austin, Tex., has entered into a contract with the IlowardIlarrison Iron Company, of Bessemer, Ala., for 3,000 tons of water pipe at $25.50 per ton, and $51 for special castings, payment to be made one-half in cash and one-half in bonds, with the further agreement that the company shall have the option of furnishing to the city all additional pipe that may be purchased during 1S94, upon the same terms and conditions.

At Altoona, Pa,, the question of a $220,000 loan for an additional water supply is still engaging the attention of councils.

The Citizens’ Water Supply Company, of Newton, L. L, proposes to pipe water to Laurel Hill, at a cost of about $12,000, if sufficient subscribers can be obtained to warrant the outlay.

Rushville, Ill., press reports state that at a special election it was decided to bond the city for $20,000 for the construction of a system of water-works.

Mr. Sallinger introduced a bill in the New Jersey House providing for a State water supply to municipalities and the creation of a State water board. This is the old Jersey City scheme to steal Newark’s water supply. The bill was referred to the Committee on Municipal Corporations.

Edward Sykes, of Minneapolis, Minn., has the contract to put in the water-works plant at Napoleon, O,, and work will at once be begun.

An election will be held at St. Bernard, ()., February 24 to vote on the issue of $85,000 water-works’ bonds.

An election is to be held at Tonawanda, N. Y., next week relative to the purchase of the Niagara River Water Works by above city.

East Orange, N. J., will soon contract for a water-works plant.

‘The Kinderhook plan for a water supply for Albany is still open to discussion. No decision as yet has been arrived at.

The inhabitants of the town of Westmount, Pa., have experienced the worst scare they have had since the South Fork dam broke, and carried death and destruction through the valley of the Conemaugh. Westmount is situated on the mountain side, five hundred feet above the valley, and its water supply was drawn from an artificial dam, one hundred feet higher up the mountain. The dam broke early Monday morning, and the familiar and terrible sound of the rush of the water down the mountain side awoke the sleeping villagers and sent them rushing in a panic into the streets of the town. Fortunately the volume of water in the dam was insufficient to do any harm, and beyond the fright received by the village people and the flooding of a few cellars no damage was done.

‘The business portion of Pittsburg, Pa., is suffering from a serious water famine. Should a fire occur in this part of the city tiie result can only be surmised. On Wednesday morning tiie 36-inch main, the largest in the city, and througli which Lawrenceville and the entire downtown districts are supplied with water, broke near the reservoir. When tiie break occurred a huge volume of water poured down the heavy grade, carrying everything before it with such force that the tracks of the Allegheny Valley railroad, near Morningside station, were completely blocked with debris. An accommodation train ran into the slide, but beyond derailing the engine no serious damage was done. ‘The large stores, club, hotels, mills, newspaper offices, etc., were gre,tly inconvenienced, while the Penn avenue and Wylie avenue cable lines were stopped.

A special election at Wenona, 111., voted $8,oooof bonds for city water-works.

The Board of Health of Ridgewood, N. J., met on Saturday evening, and ordered the public school closed for the next three weeks, owing to the appearance of diphtheria, there having been five cases and three deaths among the scholars last week. The people of Ridgewood are not in a state of panic, but the authorities are cautious, and will use every measure to prevent diphtheria becoming epidemic. ‘The town is without sewers or water, defects which will probably soon be remedied.

‘The new water works of Provincetown Mass., recently completed from plans prepared by Louis Hawes, of Boston, Mass., draws its supply from six 5-inch pipe wells provided with strainers of the Cook pattern. The pumping engine is of the compound duplex pattern with steam cylinders 10 to i8j^ inches in diameter, water cylinders 10 inches in diameter, and a 12-inch stroke, and delivers water through a 10-inch force main to a stand-pipe 28 feet in diameter and 100 feet high. ‘This is made of wrought-iron plates from seven-eighths to a quarter of an inch thick. Beside the usual angle iron around tiie top there is another on the outside 14 feet below the top as an extra precaution against the strong winds from the ocean that occasionally prevail on Cape Cod. ‘The pipe rests on a foundation of granite built on a subfoundation of concrete placed with special reference to the sandy nature of the hill. As tiie inlet and outlet pipes are distinct, and the top of the force main is often above the water in the tank, a telehydrobarometer transmitter was placed under the tank and a receiver at the pumping station, connected by wire and operated by electricity to indicate at the station the height of water in the tank. The distribution system consists of 8.35 miles of cast-iron pipe, with which are connected 62 hydrants and 121 valves. The total cost of the system was $73,360. ‘The pipes were furnished by the McNeal Pipe and Foundry Company, of Burlington, N. J., and were laid by Lucian A. Taylor, of Boston ; the pumping plant was built by the George F‘. Blake Manufacturing Company, of Boston, and the stand pipe by 15. llodgc & Co., of 15ast Boston.

At a meeting of the Grove City, l*a.. Council, steps were taken toward securing water works for the town. They will cost about $to,ooo. Albert Pugh, of ‘Titusville, agreed to take half the stock, providing a stock company was formed ; or he will construct the works himself on a guarantee of 200 families. A committee was appointed to canvass the town.

At the annual meeting of the stockholders of the New Haven, Conn., Water Company it was voted to increase the capital stock of the organization from $i ,687,500 to$2,000,000. This was done for the purpose of raising funds to pay off the indebtedness occasioned by the improvements that the company have recently completed, also to pay off bonds maturing in 1895.

F’orestville, N. Y,, residents are talking of putting in a system of water-works.

At the annual meeting of the directors of the Chatham, N. Y., Water Works Company, the treasurer’s report showed the valuation of the plant to be $120,000, divided into 1,000 shares of which Levi P. Morton owns 300. During the year ending January 1, 1894, 88,806,872 gallons of water were pumped frem the wells into the mains and reservoir. The plant has earned a handsome profit the past year.

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