WATER SUPPLY AT JOHNSTOWN
The system of waterworks at Johnstown, N. Y., is practically two independent systems. With its grand springs of pure and wholesome water, which constitute the source of supply, it is not excelled by any of the smaller municipalities of the State; and the system has also fully demonstrated that not only an abundance of water can be supplied for family use, but for every business enterprise that may locate in the city for years to come. No other city, so far ns water supply is concerned, is better provided for fire protection, for which reason ihe citizens certainly should be given lower fire insurance rates than they have at the present time. The system is gravity, with three reservoirs, the Warren, the Cold Brook and the Cork Centre, the aggregate of which is rg. 550,000 gallons. The Cold Brook and the Cork Centre springs and other smaller streams are situated from two and one-half to four miles distant, and the land in the immediate neighborhood of the Cork Cett tre stream could be purchased, and tearing down of the buildings upon it have added greatly to the protection of the watershed. The city of Johnstown is situated at an altitude of 650 to 750 feet above tidelevel, and that of the three reservoirs 925 and 955 feet. The Cold Brook reservoir and the Warren reservoir, situated three miles from the city, were constructed in 1878 and 1883 respectively. The capacity of the former is 700,000 gallons; of~lhe latter. 2,550,000. The Cork Centre reservoir, distant, five miles from the city, was built in 1895 and has a capacity of 700.000 gallons. The population to be supplied is 10,130, spread over a 15,000 acreage. The pressure, eighty to 140 pounds; distributing mains are four to ten-inch ; the supply is as follows ; Cork Centre stream, gallons per day. 1.500,000; Warren stream, gallons per day, 191.000: Cold Brook stream, gallons per day, 208,000. Cold Brook and Warren reservoirs are connected with the distributing mains of the city with a ten-inch main : and Cork Centre reservoir is connected with the distributing mains of the city with a sixteen-inch main, whereby Johns town has two independent sources of supply. During the nast year extensions were made to the system as follows: Factory street, from Clinton, south, sixtv-one feet, three-quarter-inch: Factory street, froi” Clinton, south, eightv-nine feet, one-half-inch: Glebe street, from Fifth avenue, south 508 feet, two inch; Persse avenue, from Whitmore avenue. 210 feet, three-quarter-inch; Grace street, from Fon Clare. 229 feet, three-quarter-inch: Swan street, from Grand, east, one hyd. and 190 feet, four-inch ; Collingwood avenue, extended, forty-eight feet, four-inch. The original cost of the system which was built in 1878 by the village was $59,806. Since then its cost has been nearly doubled. About 150 hydrants are set in the city of the Mathews and Ludlow type. Pipes—sixteen-inch to four-inch—covering about four miles. Of valves there are between 170 and 180: of taps, about 1.845: of meters, some 130. C. C. Abel is the energetic superintendent. The income last year was $21,303.42: the expenditure, including watershed lands paid for, $1,600. and bonds paid $35,000. $8,709.70.