WATER SUPPLY ITEMS.
For a number of days this week Baltimore has been without adequate water facilities owing to breaks in the two largest city mains. Some of the water now being used for domestic purposes is now coming from Jones’ Falls while the pipes are being repaired. About May 10 the east main collapsed on account of the pressure of ground on it. Immediately this supply was shut off and connections were made in the pipes whereby a portion of the water from the uninjured main could be turned into the other one. The city was therefore put on a short allowance, while steps were taken to repair the broken pipe. Thursday night this second pipe doing double duty, on which three-fourths of the city depends for its supply, followed the example of the first and caved in. The engineer isn’t able to account for the collapse, for he says he has had the same size pipe under greater pressure than that which broke these. The pipe is crushed in lengthwise and not across. Engineer Martin says he has never known pipe to crush in any other way, and attributes it to the principle of the arc. The water supply of Baltimore is, with few exceptions, the best in the country. It has only been a few years since the gigantic undertaking, in which the city spent large sums of money, of introducing the waters of the Gunpowder river into the city was completed. The work was outlined and done under the supervision of Engineer Martin. The last step was the building of the Clifton reservoir on the estate of the late Johns Hopkins, northeast of the city. The old supply came from the head of Jones’ Falls, north and west of the then city limits, and the reservoir plan was in use on that also, water being collected and held in a scries of “ lakes,” of which Lake Roland and Druid Lake are the most notable. Since the Gunpowder has been laid under contribution, the use of the old system has been confined to a limited area of the city. Six pipes altogether lead from the Clifton reservoir. Three of these are starting points only for future service, and are now known as “ idle” pipes. The sixth one leads to the pump house at Ann and Oliver streets, and water is there torccd into Druid Lake by the high-pressure system. The Gunpowder, a low-pressure system, is 163 feet above tide, while the Jones’ Falls system is 217 feet above title. The capacity of the ten conduits now partially disabled is 30,000.000 ga Ions per day. The entire amount consumed in Baltimore daily is neatly 45,000,000 gallons.
Lincoln. Neb., will vote on spending $50,000 on water extensions.
Great Barrington Mass..has voted to issue $45,000 in scrip bearing four per cent interest, redeemable in twenty years, to pay for the Berkshire Water Company.
The Jenkintown (I’a.) Water Company proposes to add a 546,0015 gallon reservoir to the one it recently had erected, as the capacity of the present one is inadequate to meet the deni nds of the town.
The Lansda’e (Ba.) Water Company has decided to increase its capacity. It will sink a companion artesian well to the one it already has with a hole ten inches in circumference and probably 500 feet deep.
‘1 he Greenville (O.) Journal shouts: What did Van Wert amount to a few years back ? Nothing but a little cross-roads town and county seat. To-day she is a city of over 6000, carrying a bonded debt of more than $130000; has just put in a water-works plant ; is enjoying a substantial growth in the way of additions to population and new buildings, has had several good factories to locate there and more in prospect. Why all this ? Because she is a progressive and wide-awake city. Greenville should get out of the rut.
Work on the new storage reservoir at Glens Falls, N. Y., for the water-works began this week.
The Salem (Mass.) source of water supply was inspected by a diver last week with a view to detecting any leaks, and to bring up for analysis specimens of the vegetable growth on the bottom. No leak was found. The diver has been at work for the past two weeks at the pumping station digging for the deep water suction pipe. This is the second time since the reservoir was filled that any one has been on the bottom of it.
As this is the time of the year when ice is frequently seen and especially dangerous to navigation in the Atlantic, Professor Shaler’s article about “ Icebtrgs ” in the fiction number (August) of Scribner’s will be read with unusual interest. The exceptionally fine illustrations add very much to its attractiveness.
The question of issuing bonds to the amount of $20,000 for the erection of water-works in Canonsburg, Pa., will be voted on at November election. Steps are being taken to organize a local electric light company.
The common council of Lynchburg, Va.. has ordered that $35,000 of five per cent bonds be issued to provide an appropriation for sewers and water mains heretofore decided upon.
The village of Mancelona, Mich., has just completed a fine ami extensive system of water-works consisting ot over time miles or four, six and eight-inch mains, extending through all the principal streets, and provided with thirty hydrants of the most approved styles, giving ample fire protection to all parts of the village. The pumping plant is complete in every detail, consisting of two duplex pumps of the Blake manufacture, having a capacity of 2,000.0*50 in twenty-four hours. The power is furnished by two steel tubular boilers of the best quality.
The Butte (Mont.) City Water Company has been made the defendant in another big suit, which was brought by F. R. Miles, by his attorney J. S. Shropshire. The complaint states that Miles on November 24, 18915. conveyed to Joseph A. Coram all his right and interest in and to 5C500 inches of water of Jerry creek for the stipulated price of $25,000. Prior to the payment of the purchase price or any part of it Coram conveyed the water right to the water company, which agreed to assume the indebtedness of Coram to Miles, and the company on February 29, 1892, entered into an agreement with the plaintiff to pay $5000 in cash on that date, and the remaining $20 000 in monthly payments of $5000. The two first payments were made, but the company has thus far neglected and refused to pay the remainder. $15,00×5, which is flue, and for which amour.t judgment is asked, the last payment of which was due on July i. Interest at ten per cent is a’so asked on $50050 from April 1, 1892, on $500×5 from May 1, and Jn $500×5 from July 1. The agreement between the parties is made part of the complaint, and is signed for the company by Chester B. Davis and F. W. Stone, and approved by John F. Moffett, managing director.
The points of difference between the Jamaica (L. I.) trustees and the Jamaica Water Supply Company have at la^t been adjusted and the terms of a contract mutually settled upon. This happy condition of things was brought about at a special meeting of the board on a vote of 3 to 2. The position taken by the water committee. Trustees Durland ami Higgins, was that the water company should bring the water to the curb for private consumers free, that is, the charge of $5 for tapping the main should no longer be made ; further, that the company should furnish water for sprinkling the streets free, and lastly, that the compiny should furnish free water to the school buildings the committee maintaining that they came within the meaning of the term “ municipal ” buildings. The Lockwoods offered a compromise on two of the points, namely, that the charge for tapping the main should be reduced from $5 to $3.50. and that 10.000 gallons of water should be furnished free daily between May x anti September 30 for street water, with a charge of fifteen cents for every 1000 gallons used in excess. President Warnock w as opposed »o any compromise on the question of tapping the main free, lie believed it was not only fair that the company should bring the water to the curb without charge for a private consumer, who thereafter would pay an annual bill, but that the company could well afford to do it in view of the exclusive privilege it enjoyed. At this meeting all the ground was gone over again. The lapping of the main was the hardest nut to crack. Trustee Van Allen proposed a further reduction of $t, making the charge $2 50 instead of $5. Plus the Messrs. Lockwood accepted. As to the street sprinkling water a compromise was effected by getting 15,000 gallons a tiny free and fifteen cents for every itxx used per day in excess, and these two points formed part of the amended proposition made to the hoard for a contract.
The Berwyn Water, Fuel and Light Company has finally secured a contract from the board of trustees of Cicero, III , to supply the people in the southern part of the township with water and light. The territory covers Berwyn, Clyde. La Vcrgne and Morton Park. An ordinance was passed last January. and when it came to making the contract the president of the board vetoed the ordinance on the ground that it was about time, he said, the town controlled its own water-works, instead of paying $30 a year for each hydrant, w hich w as costing the people $10,000 a year. The contract as originally drawn made no limit as to the number of hydrants to be placed in, anti for this reason principally the president vetoed the measure. Thi# difficulty, however, has been overcome. The present contract is for twentv-fi ur years, with a right to the town to purchase the plant at the expiration of five years if it sees fit, at a price to be fixed by arbitration. For each hydiant the town is to pay $30 a year, and there is a limit to the number. During the present year fifty hydrants are to be pieced, in 1893 the number in all will not exceed 150 ; in 1894, 250 ; in 1895, 225 ; and in 1896, 250. The company is to proceed at once to lay pipes, and the plant will be located at Btrwyn.
The Marlboro (Mass.) committee on water construction have signed a contract with the McNeal Pipe and Foundry Company of Burlington. N. J., for about 650 gross tons of 16inch cast-iron pipe for the new line to Miltham brook. The price is $26.25 per ton, delivered, or about $14 per ton less than the pipe cost which the town began its water system with.
The work on the new dam at East Glastonbury, Conn., is being pushed as rapidly as possible under the superintendence of Brainard Brothers. It will be raised to the height of the present log structure, but w ill flow about twice as much land will give about double the storage capacity.
The Chicago Tribune says the health commissioners could spend a profitable day in journeting to and inspecting St. Albert’s Cemetery, the Bohemian-Polish burying ground, at the extreme end of Milwaukee avenue. For twenty years interments have taken place within its confines, 26 000 bodies during that time have been placed beneath its sod, and to-day the drainage percolating through this thirty acres of human beings’ remains flow’s into the river, out into Lake Michigan, and perhaps back into the mains of tee city and the homes of its residents.
The voters of Atlantic City, N. I., have voted on the question of whether the city should have a water-works plant of its own. ‘l’lie election resulted in 892 votes for and 323 against.
The new city council of Vermilion, S. D., has at last passed upon the water-works trouble, and the proper papers have been filed bringing suit against the city to recover the interest agreed upon and a completion of the franchise pro nised in the contract, ‘lhe council men were so badly afraid of being caught napping that they voted 4 to 2 not to accept the report of the committee appointed t confer with the company, and two ol those voting no were members ol the committee. Mr. Saleno, representing the Bay City Pipe Company, who owns the controlling stock, offered to pay all expenses of travel and entertainment for a committee to go to Bay City to investigate the books of that company, but no one cared to travel. The fun is not over yet.
The water board of Syracuse, N. V., expects soon to begin condemnation proceedings in the matter of water rights along the outlet of Skaneateles lake where they have been able to effect no satisfactory agreement of sale. The proceedings will probably be settled next week.
Pound the Chicago water before boiling it, says The Chicago Mail.
Fayetteville, N. V., voted last Saturday by a majority of over three to one to pul in a system of water-works costing $29,000. P. H. Smith, R. W. Eaton, V. II. Nichols, O. Babcock, W. Gtynor and E. Collin are the water commissioners.
The stockholder* of the Buffalo Steam Pump Works will increase the capital stock from $150,000 to $200,000. The additional $50,000 is to be used for the purpose of building new shops and furnishing machinery for a large increase in ihc capacity of the plant.
The very able article on Defective Plumbing published recently should have been credited to W. B. Rider instead of C. E. Rider.
The citizens of Cumberland, Md., arc agitating the subject of a new reservoir.
“Were you much troubled by the high water while you were out West ?’’ inquired the friend. “Not much,” replied the returned Kentuckian, “ but 1 was a good deal bothered by the high whiskey. Had to pay twenty-five cents a drink, b’gad !”
The nineteenth annual report of the superintendent and cashier of the Norwich (Conn.) water-works has been issued. The former suggests a number of improvements and is of the opinion that fully one-third of the water is wasted. There were 6816 feel of mains renewed and 143 service pipes relaid last year. There are about 5000 consumers of water. The city is supplied with 283 public and thirty-seven private hydrant*. l he report contains much valuable information.
‘l he McKeesport (Pa.) board of water commissioners has decided to once mote ask councils for permission to purchase ground for an additional reservoir. It is desired to build one of capacity and out in more pumps. The present capacity is but 5,000,000 gallons, with a daily consumption of 3,000,000.
The question of bonding Hillsboro, Wis., for $3500 for a system ol waterworks ns a protection against lire was defeated by vote of the taxpayers.
I hc water commissioners of A*hoi, Mass., have awarded the contract for furnishing the iron pipe for the proposed waterworks to the Watrcn Foundry and Machine Company of New York. l he contract for constructing the plant will be given later.
The place proposed for the stand-pipe of the West Medway (Mass.) Water Company is cm Dry Bridge Hill. If this be true the pressure at the centre of both villages will certainly be ninety pounds and probably more. I hc water of the Charles river is unfit for use owing to Milford sewage. However, if the company desires to use the Charles, Milford will have to make a change in its service. *
The stockholders of the Consumers’ Water Company of Atlantic Cuy, N. |.. by an almost unanimous ballot decided in favor of joining issues with the Wood Water Company. The latter coiporation has passed a resolution favoring the consolidation.
Wakefield, Neb., has voted $6000 in bonds for the purpose of constructing a system of water-works.
The Smclairville (N. Y ) Water Company has closed a contract with the vi lage authorities to furnish an adequate supply of pure and wholesome water for public and private use. The company will proceed immediately to lay mains, construct reservoirs and hydrants and deliver water for ail purposes.
The Garfield (Wash.) council have decided to put in a system of water works. l he plan practically adopted consists of 1650 feet of eight-inch mains, 1700 feet of six-inch mams and 2000 feet of three inch laterals. The town will be supplied by gravity from a reservoir holding 300,000 gallons.
A handsome water tower is being erected by the Rowland Park (Md.) Company at Rowland avenue, for the purpose of supplying water to the town that has been laid out by the company.
The contract for water-works made by E. E. Fuller, civil arid hydraulic engineer of New York, has been accepted by the city council of Aiken. S. C. The pumping plant will comprise two engines capable of pumping 1500 gallons per day. The source of water supply will be from welts, springs, or running streams. The city of Aiken to rent from Mr. Fu lcr filly fire hydrants, also four drinking fountains for man and beast, and one ornamental fountain. The construction of the works will be commenced within sixty days and shall be completed within four months from the commencement.
There is every prospect that water will be introduced into the village of Whitestone. L. L, at a veiy eaily dSte, and the people are rejoicing over this fact. All this week experiments were made by applying a steam pump to the wells near Fourth avenue, proposed to be used for supplying the village with water, with a view ol testing the supply. The water was pumped through a lour inch pipe and the average was 500
FIRE AND WATER.
gallons per minute. The supply appears to be inexhaustible, anti the water is clear and cold and pleasant to drink. Should the supply from this locality continue to prove of sufficient quantity and of unobjectionable quality, the contract for building the stand-pipe and laying the mains will be given out at (Jnce.
The artesian well which is being drilled at Johnson, N. Y., to secure a sun ply of water for the condensery which the New York Condensed Milk Company will erect there if water is obtained in sufficient quantity, has reached a depth of over eighty feet. The water rises in the well to within fifteen or twenty feet of the surface. No tests have as yet been made of the quantity of water that the well will yield, but the representative of the Fierce Well Company, who is in charge of the work, expresses himself as confident that a supply of water sufficient to meet the requirements of the condensery will be obtained without having to sink the well to any great depth.
The Lansdale (Pa.) Water Company has decided to sink a second artesian well on its property on Chestnut street, in that borough The present well, which is 300 feet deep, does not supply sufficient water for the demands made on the company. Thomas Harper of Jenkintown has taken the contract to do the work. l he hole will be ten inches in circumference to a depth of 100 feet. Its entire depth may be 500 feet.
The Mayor and city council of Tacoma, Wash., by personal inspection, find that from 26 000,000 to 30,000 000 gallons of water can be had for the city water supply from the Mashel river.
At a meeting of the board of trustees of Woodland, Cal., to let the contract for the construction of water-works, the proposition of the Woodland Water Company to sell their complete plant for $25,000 was accepted. The issue of water bonds was for $55-000. The surplus will be used in improving the present system.
Dr. G. H. Wilson of Meriden, Conn., has made an important discovery relative to the city water now being consumed from the new reservoir. Iron in oxide form is found in the water in large quantities. Experimental tests go to show that a continued use of the water would result in injury. If such, upon further investigation, proves to be a fact, the use of water from the new reservoir will have to be stopped, (lending an official visit from the State board of health. The fact that iron is in the water is established, the density of the deposit being the only thing in question.
Work on the Lancaster (N. H.) water system is being pushed for all it is worth. Contractors are also busy at Whitefield and Berlin with extensive plants.
The section of the Union Water Company’s main between El Mora. N. J., and the station of the Central Railroad Company at Roselle has been completed, and the contractors have resumed work in Cranford at a point a short distance east of Oakluul. The Main will be laid from its present terminus at Oakland to the station at Cranford, within ten days, and filled vith water from the pumping station at Netherwood. This will leave only the section betwt en the Cranford and Roselle stations to be laid. The company expects to be able to supply water to parties residing along the line of its main between Netherwood and El Mora within a month. It is said that the pressure will be sufficient to throw water at Cranford more than a hundred feet high, merely from the stand-pipe, and without pumping directly into the mains. Numerous applications for water have already been made to tlie company. With a fine telford road, electric lights and plenty of wholesome water, Cranford and neighboring towns require nothing but drainage in order to be equipped with all the conveniences and luxuries of cities. All of these great public improvements have so far been obtained without running into debt, except for a small portion of the cost of the county roads.
The Jenkintown (l*a.) Water Company has had drawings made for a second reservoir, an improvement necessitated by the great demand for water. The dimensions of the tank will be forty feet in diameter and sixty feet high. It will hold 564,000 gallons of water. The present reservoir stands on too of a high iron frame work and its capacity is 100,000 gallons. The company is contemplating several extensions to the water mains.
Contracts have been closed for the construction of waterworks at Farmington, Me.
Work has been begun on the new water main at the Lowell (Mass.) pumping station. It will be a thirty inch pipe instead of twenty-four inch, like the old one. The line of pipe will be laid to the reservoir. When this is done both engines can be w orked at once.
The Westport (Conn.) Water Company propose to erect a stand-pipe sixty-five feet high and twenty-five feet in diameter at the base, above the village, about half a mile from the bridge. The pipe will stand on a rock near the main road and about sixty feet above its level. The company is sinking a test well for water, which, if successful, will be followed by two others, the flow from each of which will be carried into the stand-pipe by a steam engine of adequate power to operate the pump and the dynamo for the proposed electric light system.
The town of Cicero, Ill., has decided to build water works to serve Berwyn, La Vergne and Clyde, and to operate them at the town’s expense. The Jeffrey company have almost completed the wiring of these towns for electric lights. The ordinance for the seven foot sewer in Ridgeland avenue, for the drainage of Oak Park and Rfdgeland, has been authorized by the courts and work will be begun at once. This will enter the intercepting sewer at La Vergne. The whole of Berwyn and La Vergne, a territory of a mile and a half by half a mile, is to be sewered this season.
New Richmond, Wfs., has just finished an artesian well at a depth of xoo feet. It yielded over 200 gallons per minute by actual measure, when the capacity of the engine was reached. A thresher engine was attached to the pump and the flow easily doubled, yet with no signs of the well giving out. The flow is entirely satisfactory, and an election will be called immediately to vote bonds for a complete system of water-works.
The Bridgeport (Conn.) Hydraulic Company is overhauling the old pump house at the reservoir in North Bridgeport and thoroughly remodeling it. The oldest pump, which has been in use ever since the house was built, will be taken out. but the present pump retained, and a new Worthington compound pump with a capacity of 10,000,000 gallons per day put in. This will make the entire pumping capacity 14 000 000 gallons per day, without crowding the pumps. The connection with the pond will be made more direct and ample also, than heretofore. A defect in the system of the old water company was that the ponds above the distributing reservoir emptied into it by gravity, and the water was then carried to the city ; the pressure was thus reduced to that of the distributing reservoir whereas, were the ponds and reservoirs which lie much highe than the North Bridgeport reservoir, connected directly with the city pipes, no loss of pressure would occur as now, but the full force of the original head would be preserved. This will be clone soon, and then the pressure from the old system, when used direct, will nearly balance that from the Easton or Mill river dams. When it is necessary to pump from the mill pond, however, the pressure will be only that from the distributing reservoir, but that may be increased by raising the walls of the reservoir, or by erecting a stand-pipe in the centre, which will give the desired additional pressure.
The town of Gravesend, L. I., which means Coney Island, has contracted for another pump to furnish water for the town at the rate of 5.000,000 gallons a day. The present pump has a capacity of 2,500,000. The Deane steam pumping company, through Edward H. Dockham, has secured the contract and will begin its construction in October.
The fire and water committee of Rockford, Ill., have decided to purchase more property upon which it is the intentien to construct a mammoth reservoir with a capacity of 1,250,000 gallons. The St. Peter wells have given excellent satisfaction and the council will be asked to put down some more of them. When these wells are all completed and going it is likely that the prospect of a water famine in Rockford will have vanished.
The North Side Water Company of Yankton, S. D., has contracted for the construe ion of a system of water-works, to cost §13,513, and to be completed by November.
The Plattsburgh (N. Y.) water-works, which were built twenty-five years ago at an outlay of $200 000, are at present more than paying running expenses and interest on the investment.
The price which Haverhill, Mass., must pay for its waterworks was the subject of a hearing before the commissioners recently. The city about a year ago took the plant of the Haverhill Aqueduct Company, and the commissioners will decide what the city must pay the aqueduct company. The latter claims between $2,000,000 and $3,000,000, which the city says is an excessive price. The commissioners are hearing the evidence of experts, and the hearing is expected to continue through the summer months.
I he Neihart (.Mont.) Water Company, with a capital stock of $600,000, has filed articles of incorporation. Its incorporators are : Wm. Brady of Neihart, T. E. Brady, C. D. Wilt and Will Hanks of Great Falls, and T. II. Kleinschmidt and E. W. Knight of Helena. The company expects to supply the town ot Neihart with water for domestic, fire, irrigating and manufacturing purposes.
An examination shows the Evansville (Ind.) city waterworks in ha i condition.
It was voted to raise $5000 at the village meeting, Bradford, Vt., Saturday, to complete the water-works. This makes $30,000 that has been appropriated for that purpose, and it is doubtful if this will he sufficient to complete them.
Duncannon, I’a., will have water-works in the near future. An election was held on Saturday to determine this question, and it was decided in the affirmative by a majority ot 4S.
Geo. W. Hendrick has been awarded the contract for building the dam, gatehouse and pumping station for the new Easthampton (Mass.) water-works, and work will probably be begun soon. The difficulty over the quality of pipe received has been adjusted, the company allowing a small discount, and the work of laying the pipe along the line will be begun at once.