All bids for constructing water-works at Somerset, Pa., were not opened January 6 by order of the court, but were placed on file pending a decision of the court. Burgess W. H. Welfley writes FIRE AND WATER : “After a reasonable time, say one month, we will not hold bidders to a rigid forfeiture of checks in the event that they cannot see their way to take the contract if it so happen that we may go on ; for we well know that the conditions may change that no bidder could be expected to stand on his bid.”

Superintendent C. W. Calkins writes to FIRE AND WATER: The Rockford (Ill.) city council have just made a contract with Alex. A. Suel of New York for a Pohle air lift pump, to pump four 400 feet artesian wells to deliver 2,500 000 gallons in twenty-four hours, if the wells will furnish that amount, which we feel confident they will, for an additional water supply. The (compressor will be 14 x 22 in steam and air cylinders, double crank and fly-wheel, Myer’s valve gear ; was in mining building at World’s Fair. This plant we shall begin to construct as soon as the frost is out of the ground. The system will be quite novel in its construction and arrangement, and also the mode of the delivery of the water from the wells to the storage reservoir.

Boston’s controversy with the town of Southboro is practically settled. The former is to pay the latter $50,000 for new roads to take the place of those destroyed by the new dam, the contract for which calls for its completion by November 1, 1896.

It is proposed to build a new reservoir at Waltham, Mass.

An application is to be made to the Massachusetts legislature for permission to borrow $100,000 on water bonds for Brockton.

At a special town meeting at North Andover, Mass., last week, the board of commissioners was directed to postpone action relative to establishing a system of water-works until the next annual town meeting.

The water system talked of for Newport, Me., has been voted by the town, and contracts for pipes will be let at once. Work cannot begin until after frost is out of the ground next spring. The water company will issue twenty-year bonds at six per cent, an exceptionally good investment.

Work will be started on a new reservoir, Loveland, Col., soon. Some 2300 feet of tunneling will have to be drilled, besides a considerable distance of deep cutting.

The water main has burst at Woodstock, Vt., and will have to be replaced.

A system of water-works will probably be put in this season at Wesley, la.

The Allegheny (Pa.) council is considering the introduction of a new water supply and has taken action to obtain bids on three different plans: For a temporary pumping plant, a permanent direct pumping plant without filters, or such a plant with filters. Julian Kennedy, M. Inst. M. E., has reported on a complete new supply system with estimates of $710,000 for pumps, $800,000 for a steel conduit and 300,000 for filters, besides smaller sums for other features, making a total of $1,925,000.

Governor Werts of New Jersey in his message to the legislature on Tuesday said : It is of the utmost importance that measures be speedily taken for the systematic control by the State of the sources of water supply within its borders for the common benefit of all its citizens. This is a matter of special and immediate concern to the populous communities in the northeastern section of the State.

The Newport (Me.) water board has awarded the bid for furnishing pipe for the twenty-inch main to R. D. Wood & Co., Philadelphia, who bid $24.10 per ton for 550 tons.

For two years past people living in the aristocratic Glen Ridge end of Bloomfield, N. J., have been in a quandary over their inability to obtain water from the mains of the Orange Water Company, which supplies the town, and the contract for which recently expired. The Glen Ridge citizens do not want the township committee to make a new contract with this company unless there is a clause which will give Bloomfield the right to cut off the Glen Ridge end if they do not give the required pressure at all times. Glen Ridge people are in arms at the disregard the Orange Company has shown for their end of the town, and some threaten to apply to the legislature, asking for annexation to Montclair if the contract is signed again. A committee is already preparing a bill to be submitted to the legislature for the joining of Montclair and Glen Ridge. The water supply in G en Ridge has been far from the standard, and in many cases the people have been obliged to get their supply from the wells of neighbors and pay for it, while at the same time they paid taxes for a water supply which they did not get. Until it is known whether Bloomfield can get a supply from the East Jersey Company or some other corporation the Bloomfield committee has been authorized to make use of the option of the Orange Water Company for six months longer from January 1 to July 1, 1894. The township committee, after investigating a proposed system that will be to the best advantage ot Bloomfield, will call another public meeting and report the result.

De Saussure & Harvey of Charleston, S. C., have written a letter regarding the opera house fire, in which they say : “The city council having recently very greatly increased the license for fire insurance companies, would it not be next in order for them or the board of firemasters to carefully look into the city’s contract with the water-works company, with a view to ascertaining whether said contract contains any provision whereby the much taxed insurance companies and the public generally can enforce that much boasted and paid for protection. Had the companies had that protection at yesterday’s fire when most needed, in its incipiency, they would not now be called on to pay so heavy a loss, nor the public to mourn its place of amusement, for it was noticeable to everyone that, although the department was prompt to respond, there was not pressure on the mains sufficient to reach the roof of the low building in the rear in King street. Will some one not interested in this pampered water-works company explain why the city, when paying for protection, is forced so frequently to go without it ? The old tidal drain method was even better than this, as being at least less expensive.”

The attorneys for Kansas City in the water-works litigation are busily engaged in briefing the testimony in the case, and will not file the reply of the city to the company’s answer to the city’s cross-bill until the testimony taken before the special commissioner has been briefed for presentation to Judges Caldw’ell and Philips at the hearing January 22. The testimony taken by the city and the company respectively has been printed and the volumes were turned over to the parties representing the litigants. The city’s testimony takes 832 pages of printed matter, and the water-works company’s testimony takes 840 pages.

The result of a special election held in Globeville, Col., Saturday on a proposition to bond the town for $40,000 for waterworks was sixty-one against and thirty-three in favor of the proposition. Eleven women voud at this election, Blenda Gertz and Katherine Straight being the first women to cast ballots under the new law.

The leading event of the year in the Canton (O.) waterworks department was the purchase of the new pump which is now being placed in position at the pumping station. It is a Gaskill pump manufactured by the Holly Manufacturing Company of Lockport, N. Y. It has a capacity of 8,000,000 gallons every twenty-four hours. It required several months’ work at the pumping station to get in teadiness for the pump, and six will now be required to put it in working order. The total cost of the machine, connections and everything complete is $36,(xx>.

Etna burough, I’a., has purchased the Etna Water Company’s plant and will take charge of the same on Tuesday. Six new fire plugs are to be put in the town. Councils will soon hold a special meeting to consider plans for the new incandescent electric light plant.

Bonds to the amount of $6500 have been voted in Hemingford, Neb., for the purpose of building and maintaining a system of water-w’orks. 1’hey were carried by a majority of nine votes. This act on the part of the progressive citizens of the town puts lleiningford away ahead of many older and larger places. The town, undoubtedly, will now make rapid development.

The Southampton (L. I.) Water-works Company has awarded a contract for the construction of a system of works in the village to Oscar Darling, a civil engineer of Huntington, same to be completed June 1. The contract price is $50,000.

Ballinger, Tex., will have water-works.

The contract between the Newport (Me.) Water Company and the town has been signed and nothing remains to hinder them from putting in the water-works next spring. The bonds will be gilt-edged, six percent on twenty years. The estimated cost of the plant is $30,600. The gentlemen who organized the company are businessmen, and will push the works to an early finish.

The new Boston water basin at Southboro will be thirty-five times as big as Boston common, but it will never be half so famous as the little two-for-a-cent frog pond.

A striking truth of the value of sand filtration as a means of removing even disease organisms from water has been given by Mrs. Percy Frankland. The adjoining cities of Hamburg and Altona obtain their water from the Elbe, the supply for Hamburg being drawn from above the town, and that for Altona being drawn from below Hamburg after the river has received the sewage ot nearly 800,000 people. The Hamburg water is unfiltered ; the Altona water is passed through sand. When the epidemic came, the cholera deaths in Hamburg were 1250 per 100,000, but only 221 per 100,oco in Altona, while on a street dividing the two cities the Hamburg side was cholera-stricken, and the side belonging to Altona remained free from the disease.

The new Springfield (Mass.) fire commission had a practical test of the water supply to see what it could accomplish at a fire. Forty picked men and two steamers were brought into service and a number of evolutions were carried out. It was proved to the satisfaction of the commissioners that the pressure is not strong enough to cope with a fire in a tall budding without the aid of steamers.

The citizens of Danville, Ky., are taking active steps toward the erection of water-works. The plant is expected to cost about $65,000. The Advocate says ; “ The water-works question has at last assumed a business-like attitude, and the taxpayers of Danville will shortly have an opportunity of giving an expression to their desires in the matter. Mr. Morgan, the Chicago engineer, had a conference with a committee from the city council Friday afternoon, and he was employed to make full and complete plans and specifications to be submitted to constructing companies and contractors. After these plans are completed it will take but a short time to get bids for the building of the works, and the people can then have an accurate idea of the cost.”

The Newark (N. J.) board of works has adopter! plans and specifications for the completion of a storage reservoir to cost $800,000, which will be situated on Ivy Hill, in the township of South Orange. The dimensions of the reservoir are 1215 feet from north to south, and 1082 feet from east to west. The capacity will be 235,000,000 gallons. The work must be completed before August 1, 1896.

The works at Marlborough, N. Y., were opened last week and Superintendent Marsden must feel gratified at the result. The system involves 33,350 feet of pipe, forty-five hydrants and a number of valves. The pipe was from the Utica Pipe Foundry and the hydrants and valves from the Eddy Valve Company of Waterford, N. Y. The cost of the system is $52,000.

The Walla Walla, Wash.,cityjcouncil.have advertised forbids for the sale of $160,000 bonds voted at the city election held in July, for the purpose of constructing a system of waterworks. The Walla Walla Water Company has given notice through the city press that there is a contract existing between the company and city which has many years to run, the terms of which are to debar the city from constructing opposition water works, and the company is prepared to institute legal proceedings to enjoin the city from prosecuting the work.

The transfer of 1363 shares of the stock of the Rockland (Mass.) Water Company, held by James R. Farnsworth and other members of the Farnsworth family, to C. F. Starr as trustee for a syndicate of Boston capitalists, has just been consummated. By the terms of the agreement Mr. Starr has an option on 200 additional shares owned by the Farnsworth interests. The whole number of shares is 2137, The purchasers therefore obtain full control of the works. Negotiations for the deal began about December 1. Mr. Starr is a member of the firm of Dillaway & Starr of Boston, who are members of a syndicate operating water-works in various cities of New England and the West. On several occasions within the past two years attempts have been made to acquire the property for the purpose, it is thought, of consolidating it with tire Camden and Rockland Water Company, a rival concern. The amount paid for the stock by Mr. Starr is understood to be something over $100,000. The syndicate assumes all of the company’s contracts, including that of a Virginia company for iron, and the Boston firm of Dacey & Taylor for the reconstruction of the works, which was begun last fall. It is thought by some that a consolidation with the Camden and Rockland Water Company may follow. The money for the purchase of that stock was raised in Boston. Among the gentlemen said to be interested besides Mr. Starr are: C. F. W. Dillaway, Charles W. Young and Charles S. Rogers of Boston, and Geo. P. Wescott, president of the Portland Water Company, is said to be in the deal. The Rockland Water Company was chartered in 1850. The works were built the next year. Mr. Farnsworth has been president of the company for forty years.

The Boston water board reports the daily average consumption of water in December, 1893, to have been as follows : Sudbury and Cochituate system, 47,807,800 gallons, as against 43.766,400 in December, 1892; Mystic. 11,620.800, as against 10,473,700 for the corresponding month of 1892 ; total, 59,428,600, an increase of 5,188,50(5 gallons over December, 1892. The rainfall for December, 1893, was 4.94 inches at Framingham. 5.03 at Lake Cochituate and 4.35 at Mystic lake; December, 1892, it was 1.14, t.i8 and 1.21 inches respectively. The average rainfall for December at Lake Cochituate for the last twenty-six years was 3.56 inches, showing that last December’s precipitancy was in excess of the average. The flow of the Sudbury and Cochituate supply is now about 10,000,000 gallons a day more than its consumption.

City clerk T. F. Thoner of Wheeling, W.Va., writes: “ We have just completed a water-works. 1 think Benwood, Marshal county, just south of here, is about to build a waterworks,”

At Loveland, Col., the purchase of all the land necessary for the completion of the new reservoir has been finished. Prospect holes will be sunk and the work will be kept up until completed to ascertain the sort of rock which must be tunneled for the outlet to the new reservoir. Some 2300 feet of tunnel will have to be drilled, besides a considerable distance of deep cutting before the outlet will be complete.

The Spring Valley (Ill.) counciljhas made an appropriation of $10,000 lor the perfecting of the water system. The Horsheitner springs will be investigated and the feasibilty of an artesian well will also be considered.

Superintendent B. S. T. Dabrie of Pulaski, Tenn., has ordered a double compound direct acting duplex pump front the Stilweil-Bierce & Smith-Vaile Co. of Dayton, O. The maximum capacity of the pump is 800 gallons.

Bids for the building of the new reservoir in South Orange, N. |., are to be asked for. This was decided upon at a rather long meeting of the board of works, held last week.

A correspondent at Lawrence, Mass., writes: In connection with the partial failure of the driven well system adopted by Lowell in order to secure a supply of pure water, it is interesting to note that the filter gallery in this city has succeeded in meeting all demands upon it up to the present time and is expected to do the same in the future. Many doubts were expressed by the skeptical as to its ability to purify the water during the winter months when the filter would be covered with ice. Superintendent Salisbury stated yesterday that the ice had caused no trouble up to date except the necessity of breaking it up around the edges to protect the bank as the ice rises and falls with the water. This is done every day by two men. There has as yet risen no necessity of removing the top layer of sand since winter set in, nothing having been done in that line since November. The removal of sand will not be necessary unless it shall become so clogged with matter taken from the water that a sufficient amount cannot pass through to supply the city. This scraping process is not so frequent during the winter months because of the fact that the matter which is washed into the river at other times by the rain is, during the winter, washed on top ol the ice and thus held back from flowing down stream and into the filter. The ice is now about eight inches thick on the filter and will probably be allowed to remain untouched unless it should thaw enough to make its removal a compaiatively easy matter.

“ In considering drinking water,” observes a member of the Lowell (Mass.) board of health, “ the only really important question is whether the water is or is not contaminated by sewage or decomposing water. It may be taken as a rule, that very few samples of water are free from this, even after treatment by the best filters under the most favorable conditions, and the question in practice is not whether decomposing matter is present, but whether the quantity is objectionable or dangerous. As a rough preliminary test, a solution of permanganate of potash is sufficient, and enough of this for a hundred tests may be purchased tor a penny from any chemist. Make a solution of the permanganate in water of a strength which in appearance is about the color of port wine, fill a deep, clear glass with the water to be tested, and add sufficient of the solution to color the water a faint pink. Cover it over and let it stand for three or four hours, and if the pink color has disappeared, the water is doubtful.”



Ladoga, Ind., wants water-works.

Marshall, Mich., will hold a special election January 15 to vote on the proposition to bond the city for $50,000 for a system of water-works.

When the Des Moines (Ia.) city council was considering the possibility of assuming the proprietorship of the water-works plant a few days ago, and was negotiating to that end with Mr. Hubbell on the line of a resolution introduced by Aiderman Wise, Judge Cole let fall the remark that he had a plan whereby the city could secure control and ownership of the water-works plant advantageously to itself, and without obligation, allowing the works to go into the hands of a board of trustees, by whom they should be conducted until such time as they have paid for themselves, when the city should assume control and absolute ownership of them. Mr. Cole believes the works are cheap to the city at $1,100,000, twenty-year bonds at four per cent interest being issued in payment for them. He says that if figuies do not lie then the works at $1,100,000 on four per cent are a better property than at $800,000 at six per cent.

The special town meeting at Newport, Me., voted by an overwhelming majority to contract with the Newport Water Company for twenty years for fifteen hydrants at $40 per annum each. This vote gives the water company $600 per annum, in place of $400 as per vote of the town last May. The contract will be placed immediately and ground broken in the early spring.

Mayor Erskine Warden of Waltham, Mass., was sworn in, “for the second and last time,” as he declares, January I, and delivered a brief address, the principal points of which are appended : “ The growing demand for a higher water service raises a problem which must be met soon ana solved. A new though smaller reservoir could be constructed on some high elevation holding one third as much as the present one, at about the same or even less the expense of covering the present reservoir. The old reservoir, with its supply of 6,000,000 gallons, could be reserved for emergencies such as fires.”

Senator Dolph of Oregon has a bill to aid the several States and Territories to reclaim the arid lands within their boundaries, which directs the loan of funds by the United States to any other State or Territory for the purpose of assisting in the construction of reservoirs, canals, artesian wells and other works needed for furnishing water supply for irrigation. The loan shall not exceed $2,500,000 in any one year to any one single State or Territory. The States to secure the Government, shall issue bonds atone per cent, running for fifty years and redeemable in five years. The States or Territory receiving the money shall make judicious use of the proceeds. The lands benefited by irrigation works constructed by this means, where the title is not passed from the United Stares, shall be liable to pro rata share, acre for acre, as shall be covered by water rentals or taxes to maintain the irrigation works. Provision is made for the issuing of the bonds and how they shall be managed under the Treasury Department. Senator Dolph has also introduced a bill providing for the sale of desert lands, granting each person the right to 640 acres, and providing how he shall at once begin to make improvements foi the irrigation tract. Within one year after the entry he shall spend not less than $1 an acre, and so on until the land is reclaimed.

The new water system being inaugurated by the White River Junction (Vt.) fire precinct is giving some concern to those having the matter in charge. Early last fall the start was made and several hydrants placed in position in various sections of the village. Three reservoirs were also built on a high elevation, and it was not until a few days ago that a test of these basins was made. The test did not prove as satisfactory as might have been at first expected, but when the matter is carefully considered and the time of year taken into consideration, it is not strange that leaks were found in the lining of the large reservoirs. They were built of brick laid in cement, and large enough to contain 45,000 gallons each. This amount of water was run into them and leaked out again. The new steamer, which, by the way, is of the Seneca Falls manufacture, is a neat machine for a town of this size, and at a test made a few days ago, with the machine at the level of the river, threw a stream through 2000 feet of hose over a high-posted residence on the upper of the three terraces upon which a large portion of the village is located. This test proved satisfactory to all concerned, and in reality was a first-class showing. Doubtless, as soon as the reservoirs are made tight, this village will be thoroughly equipped for fires, a precaution which is a valuable one to any town.

It is probable that Senator Winton of Bergen county, N. J., will introduce a bill in the Senate early the ensuing session which will cause surprise all over the northern part of New Jersey. If the Senator from Bergen should decline to introduce the measure, then some other Senator from North Jersey will be asked to father it. This bill, which is already drawn and which has been put in the hands of Senator Winton for his consideration pending his consent to introduce it, is a scheme to bring under the control of the State the immense water privileges of the greater portion ol North Jersey. It is confessedly one of the most sweeping measures ever brought before the legislature. If Senator Winton consents to introduce it, he has explicitly stated that he will do so because he believes it is in the interest of the people, and that he will push and advocate it with all the earnestness and support he can command. G. B. Ward of Jersey City, with other prominent men, is interested in the scheme. All the towns in Bergen county, as well as Hoboken, obtain their water from the Hackensack river, the water supply privileges of which are controlled by the Hackensack Water Company. This company has an irrevocable charter, which dates back over 100 years, and was acquired by the purchase of certain mill rights, one of which was the extensive Van Buskirk mill right, at New Milford, in Bergen county. Another ruling corporation is the East Jersey Water Company, of which ex-Senator Garret A. Hobart is a prominent factor. These two companies claim to control the larger portion of the water supply of the northern section of the State, and they are in a position to make their claim pretty nearly valid.

At the Grand Opera House fire at Charleston, S. C., water was very scarce when most needed at the incipiency of the fire, no pressure seeming to be on the mains. Although the department was prompt to respond, it was handicapped by the want of water. The matter is particularly attracting the attention of underwriters in view of the excessive city license fee at Charleston.

Superintendent Albert E. Cypher of the Peekskill (N. Y.) water-works, at the pumping station at Van Cortlandlville, has resigned his position to take charge of the power station of S. L. Fowler in Brooklyn. The resignation has been accepted, and O. W. Meeks of Brooklyn has been appointed his successor from January I.

On February 7 United States Marshal Wiswell will sell the property of the Oconto (Wis.) Water-works Company on an execution in the case of the National Foundry and Pipe Company against the water-works company. The sale will take place in this city.

Last week the city of Lansing, Mich., awarded contract to the Holly Manufacturing Company of Lockport, N. Y., for one of its Gaskill high duly pumping engines of 5,000,000 gallons daily capacity. The engine is to be in operation in May, 1894, and will be supplied with all the latest improvements which this company has made on these engines.

Our correspondent at Grand Rapids, Mich., writes : Greater pumping facilities are needed for the city water-works, and yesterday the greater part of the session of the board of public works was spent in discussing the matter. A11 additional pump, or a larger pump with a capacity of at least 10,000,000 gallons daily, tor the hill service is desired. The board has come to the conclusion that a pump large enough to supply the hill service for the next ten or twenty years is what is needed, instead of purchasing a new pump every two or three years, and then have one-half of the people out of water in hot weather. The engineer’s report shows the daily average of water consumed last week to have been 9,287,303 gallons, while for the week ending December 24, 1892, it was 7,215,224 gallons. The increase is 2,071,979 gallons. The increased consumption is due to the fact that water mains have been exteuded very much during the past summer. If the increased consumption continues in proportion next summer, the present pumps will be unable to do the work, and that part of the city supplied by what is known as the hill service mains will be without adequate fire protection, and without water for sprinkling and domestic uses. There is not enough money in the fund to purchase a pump, and if one is purchased it will be necessary for the common council to take measures to raise the cash for the purchase of it. If a pump is to be purchased, the board is of the opinion that it should be ordered at once, in order that it may be in place in time next summer to help out during the dry season. It is the opinion of the members of the board that some action should be taken by the common council, and to that end a communication will be formulated and addressed to the council in the near future.

Bids for the laying of water pipe to the Standard Oil Company’s plant at Sioux City, la., were opened as follows : E. J. Hanlon : 74 ½ tons 12-inch pipe at $42 ; 85tons 8-inch pipe at $44 ; 1932 pounds of 4-inch pipe at $45 ; one 12-inch valve at $50 ; one 8-inch valve at $25 ; seven 6-foot hydrants at $46 ; 6372 pounds at 3)£c. a pound. Murray & Co.: 74 ½ tons 12-inch pipe at $40 ; 35^ tons 8-inch pipe at $48 ; 1932 pounds 4-inch pipe at 2J4T. a pound ; one 12-inch valve at $33; seven 6-loot hydrants at $47.50 ; 6872 pounds special castings at 2¾⅛. a pound. Nek Mystrom : 74^ tons 12-inch pipe at $38 ; 35 tons 8-inch pipe at $48 ; 1932 pounds of 4inch pipe at $38 ; one 12-inch valve at $55 ; one 8-inch valve at $35 ; seven 6-oot hydrants at $45 each ; 6S72 pounds special castings at 3Xc. a pound.

The report of City Works Commissioner Adams of Brooklyn shows that the average daily consumption of water is 75,876,742 gallons.

A. II. Howland, civil engineer of Boston, was lost overboard from the steamer Puritan ot the Fall River Line on Friday. Mrs. Howland believes that while sitting in his stateroom, preparing for bed, he was suddenly attacked by his old trouble vertigo, and in order to get to the air he stepped to the side of the vessel and accidentally fell overboard. Mr. Howland was born in Worcester, and was graduated from the high school of that city when he was seventeen years old. Shortly after his graduation he entered the profession of civil engineering, which business he successfully followed. Mr. Howland is known throughout the country. He has been an extensive contractor, having built water-works in Michigan, Alabama, Illinois, North and South Carolina and other States. He was forty-one years old and leaves a wife and mother. His father died a few years ago while suffering from the same trouble, which is thought to have been the cause of his death.

After two years’ steady work drilling a tunnel connecting the Byram river with the Kensico (N. Y.) reservoir, through solid rock 2600 feet, the opening was reached Thursday night. Two years ago work was begun for an additional water supply for New York city. Judge McQuade of New York had the contract for building the works. This was for the additional supply of water in the Kensico reservoir. One of the most expensive parts of the construction was piercing the rock for the tunnel. A gang of men was put to work drilling, blasting and excavating at the west side of the tunnel and another gang on the east side, the gangs working towards each other. Thursday the inen working from the east to the west suddenly crashed through the thin wall dividing them from their comrades on the west, and soon the wall was cut through. There was great rejoicing among the men and the engineers. After the men stopped work for the night they celebrated the piercing of the rock with a dinner, speechmaking, song and music.

At a meeting of Pawtuxet (R. I.) Valley manufacturers two weeks ago, the matter of a new storage reservoir on the north branch of the Pawtuxet was discussed, and as a result of the meeting surveys are being made of the “ Hemlock Swamp,” about three quarters of a mile above the Barden reservoir. The scheme calls for the building of a dam abbut 1000 feet in length across the lower end of the swamp and it is estimated that the reservoir will have a capacity of about i,ooo,000.000 gallons. The proposed reservoir at Kent, which w’as blocked principally by the inability of the projectors and the Stecre estate coming to terms over some land owned by the latter that would be flowed, has not been abandoned, that project being merely held in abeyance.

Mayor Kimball of Northampton, Mass., in his annual message says: “Our system of water-works has cost, to the present time, $305,345.12, all of which, except that portion of our funded debt known as water-works bonds, amounting to .$120,000, has been paid from the income of that department. Our water supply is of excellent quality, but the dry time of the past season has demonstrated to the commissioners that the present supply is not sufficient for the city’s increasing needs, and they recommend an additional reservoir that will store 100.000,000 gallons. They are confident that such a reservoir can be built and supplied with water of the same quality as that which we now receive at a cost not to exceed $60,000, which you will be asked to appropriate for this purpose this year, but which will all be paid by the water department from its receipts.

Mayor Wanser of Jersey City has found the street and water commissioners guilty on charges made by two committees of citizens, and has taken steps to remove them. The charter gives him power to remove after a hearing and with the consent of the Governor. The hearing was given about two weeks ago. John J. Nevin, the Mayor’s private secretary, took copies of the Mayor’s decision and of the testimony to Trenton, Tuesday afternoon, and submitted them to Governor Werts. The governor sent word back to Mayor Wanser that he would give the matter immediate attention. The board is composed of John F. Madden, Charles J. Somers, Stephen P. Yoe. Edward A. Dugan and William K. Cook, all Democrats. If Governor Werts approves the removals, Mayor Wanser will appoint their successors.

Acting under instructions from the citizens’ meeting, the Bloomfield (N. J ) township committee held a special session on Saturday afternoon, and directed the water committee to negotiate with the East Jersey and Orange Water Companies as to the purchase of mains from the latter, and to employ Engineer Jacobsen to furnish all information in regard to the pressure and elevation of the East Jersey plant for the higher districts and the quuntity of water needed. The committee will meet again on Friday night to hear the report of the water committee as to the contract for six months, beginning January 1.

Mayor Bancrolt of Cambridge, Mass., in his recent message says : “ During the past year the water board has renewed a large amount of piping which had become unsuitable, has continued the work of filling around Fresh pond, has erected a house and stable for the pumping engineer opposite the pumping station, has completed the driveway around Fresh pond, has widened the driveway between Concord avenue and the pumping station, has taken possession of a laige tract of land with the buildings thereon, on the south side of Fresh pond, has constructed Huron street from the railway nearly to Cushing street, including a bridge over the pipe line, has built an ice guard at the Stony Brook reservoir, just above the Roberts dam bridge, has perfected the screening apparatus at the gatehouse of the storage basin, has made improvements in the dwelling house and stable near by, and has developed plans for the further utilization of the sources of our water supply.”

Mayor Batchelder of Everett. Mass., in his annual message says: “ Our total water debt is $150,000, which includes a one-year note of $16,000, payable August 12, 1894; and a oneyear note of $4000, payable November 15, 1894, both of which were negotiated at the height of financial crisis at six per cent, owing to the unfavorable times for negotiating long time water bonds. These should be taken care of at maturity by the early sale of water bonds. From this water debt, however, should be deducted the funds in the hands of the sinking fund commissioners for the extinguishment of that debt, amounting to $10,683.01, thus leaving a net water debt of $139,316.99.”

The Austin (Tex.) City Water Company, through Receiver Spence, has been compelled to borrow money to pay interest, and Judge McCormick a few days ago issued an order of court authorizing the receiver to borrow $18,750 and to issue therefor receivers’ certificates, to be secured by a lien prior to all mortgage bonds issued by the company. The Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company of Philadelphia will get $10,000 of the money, and the Farmers’ Loan and Trust Company of New York the balance.

At Norman, Okla., an election will be held January 8 to decide the water-works question.

The Hastings (Neb.) council has decided to submit the question of issuing $ro,oooin bonds for water main extensions to vote.

Water-works are being discussed at Hibbing, Minn.

At Parkersburg, la., bonds amounting to$6000 have been voted for water-works.

A system of water-works is to be constructed at Downsville, N. Y.

William D. Taylor, superintendent of the Dover (N. H.) public water-works, committed suicide December 31st. He was leader of the Dover Band for fourteen years.

The Lawrence (Mass ) water board of 1894. organized with M. A. McCormick, president. A. II. Salisbury was chosen superintendent, and John B. Campbell, registrar.

The Monroe (La.) Water-works Company has closed a contract for a storage reservoir with a capacity of 900,000 gallons, to furnish direct pressure in the event of fire.

At Bloomfield, Neb., an election will probably be held to vote on the issue of bonds for water-works.

At Freeport, N. Y., an election will be held on January 9 to vote on the question of providing water-works for the town.

The board of estimate and apportionment of New York city has appropriated $20,000 tor the widening of the Croton aqueduct arch over Nepperham avenue at Yonkers, N. Y., the plan being to make the arch forty-two feet wide and widen Nepperham avenue to sixty-six feet from the arch to Ashburton avenue.

At a recent meeting of the water board of Bangor, Me., it was voted to make a contract with R. D. Wood Co. of Philadelphia, Pa., for about 5500 feet of twenty-inch water pipe at $24.10 a ton, delivered in Bangor. The pipe will arrive here in the spring, and the work of extending the Garland street main to the west side will begin as soon as the frost is out of the ground. The board also voted to contract with the Hinckley & Egery Iron Company for duplicate pump castings to cost $3375-

The water-works committee, Minneapolis, Minn., has awarded the pipe contract for 1894 to Dennis Long & Co. of Louisville, Ky., the provisions of the contract, $2047 per 2000 pound ton. The contract for special castings was given to the Northwestern Foundry Company, which offered to do the work for two cents per pound.

The sum of $300,000 has been appropriated at Boston, Mass., for improving the water supply at Stony brook and for the construction of a high service reservoir, pump, etc., as recommended by the water board.

The Mayor of Auburn, Neb., will publish a proclamation calling special attention tor the purpose of voting bonds for water works. The amount of the bonds to be voted on is $20,000.

A bill has been introduced in the United States Senate authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to grant the right of way over the Indian reservations for irrigation canals. All prior rights of individual Indians are to be respected and payment is to be made for the privileges granted.

Preliminary surveys and estimates have been made at New Hartford, Conn., for a large reservoir in the south part of the town to supply manufacturers in the Farmington valley at Collinsville and elsewhere with water during a dry season. A large dam north of the post-office in Nepaug and an embankment nearly a quarter of a mile in length are in the plans.

Henry L. Ryan has made surveys for an irrigation ditch, to be two miles long and to be built on the Indian reservation at Palm Springs, Cal.

The State council of the Farmers’ Alliance and Industrial Union at Denver, Col., has adopted a resolution praying Congress immediately to issue $200,000,000 to be expended in the construction of reservoirs for the storage of water along and near the crest of the east and west slopes of the Rocky Mountains for the general use of the streams and irrigating canals to be supplied with water from these sources ; for the completion of the Hennepin canal, deep water harbors, coast fortifications and other internal improvements.

The Philadelphia park commission committee on plans and improvements has inspected the grounds bounded by the East park river drive, Ridge avenue and south of the Wissahickon creek, recommended by Mayor Stuart and Director Windrim as a site for a pumping station for the Queen lane reservoir. The ground referred to is a beautiful piece of meadow, presented to the city by William Weightman with the understanding that it was to be used only as pleasure ground. At a recent meeting of the commissioners considerable opposition was made to the selection, but Chief Ogden of the water bureau, said that it was the only site available, there not being sufficient depth of water in the river further down for the purpose. It was to inquire into the subject that the committee yesterday visited the locality. Mayor Stuart and Director Windrim accompaned the committee.

It looks now as if the corporation of Perry, N. Y., is to be provided with a system of water-works by private enterprise, as the board of trustees will at its meeting next week consider the petition presented asking for the right to lay pipes and mains through the streets of the village. An excellent power and supply for water-works is easily obtainable from Silver Lake. At the present time the fire department is compelled to rely on wells and cisterns for its water.