Montreal, Que., has appropriated $60,000 for lar ger mains, etc.

Fred Westholm has charge of the construction of the works at Moose Lake, Minn.

The city authorities of Lewiston, Ore., have purchased the plant of the company for $70,000.

C. W. Carpenter, of Deadwood, S. Dak., has pur chased the Sturgis waterworks plant for $49,000.

Instead of drilling a third artesian well, Jamestown, N. Dak., will build a municipal water system.

The new pumping engine at Martinsville, Va.. has been installed, and is now in successful operation.

It looks as if Detroit, Mich., might soon become the purveyor of water to every village in Wayne county.

The Snow Steam Pump company of Buffalo is installing the pumping engine at the Marion, O., waterworks.

l’he new plant at Breese, Ill., was tested recently and proved very satisfactory, it has been accepted r>y the village.

William A. Homans, Jr., has been appointed a member of the hoard of water commissioners of Gloucester, Mass.

The water of Brooklyn, New York, Chief Engineer De Varona says, is not any worse now than it always is in the spring.

Webster Groves, Mo., has voted to take a supply from the Missouri Water, Light and Traction company, to he obtained from the Missouri river.

At Niagara Falls, N. Y., the pumping engine of the city waterworks plant is nearly in position. G. H. Swan, superintendent, has charge of the installation.

The Fidelity and Deposit company of Baltimore, Md., has begun the work of finishing its contract on the new system of waterworks for Grand Rapids, Wis.

During February water meters were installed at Hartford, Conn., making 6,095 up to March 1. February’s daily consumption of water was 6,830,000 gallons.

l’he I’nited States Construction company of Milwaukee, in which Henry Herman is interested, has t; k«n an assignment of a contract for the completion of the Cincinnati waterworks.

J L. White, of Peru, 111., has opened an office in South Bend. I ml., where a company of which he is head will construct waterworks.

l’he proposed ordinance at Ann Arbor, Mich., cutting down water rates would involve a reduction of revenue to the company of $3,800 per year.

The city of Carbondale, l’a., has sold its waterworks plant to the Carbondale Water company. The company will increase its capital stock to $100,000.

At New London, Wis., the city council decided to submit the question as to whether this place should have waterworks or not to a vote of the peoole at the spring election, April t.

The pipe line of the Midland-Elk Lick Water company, of Lonaconing, Md.. was completed throughout the entire system from the reservoir above Midland to the corporate limits of this place.

Arnold C. Koenig, engineer, has plans for the waterworks system soon to be constructed here. It is the expectation of the council that actual work on the svstem will be commenced soon after the first of May.

The citizens of Campus, 111., are actively at work to secure waterworks for that village. The present plan is to sink a well and pump into a tank which would give sufficient pressure to carry water to any part of the village.

Elias F. Gobel. a well known contractor, who has iust died at Chicago, was identified with many important engineering enterprises, including the first lake crib for Chicago’s water supply and the new postolfice building there.

At Tell City, Ind.. the Tell City Water and Light company has completed its plant. The city will lease the plant from the stockholders, and pay the expenses of the plant each year until the city has paid for it in full. The plant is worth $40,000.

Extensive rebuilding operations are still in progress at the plant of the Oshkosh. Wis.. Waterworks company, to complete which will require several weeks’ time. Over $46,000 will be expended. It is expected that the city will have an excellent supply of water.

Chief Engineers Birdsall, of Manhattan, and Van Buren, of Brooklyn. New York, leave their positions in this city’s department of water supply. Commissioner Dougherty asks for the appointment of a chief engineer at a salary of $10,000—not too much nav for a firstclass tnan

The three water’ plants located respectively in Haverstraw. West Haverstraw. and Stony Point, N. Y., and known as the Haverstraw Water company, Stony Point Water company, and West Haverstraw Water company, are to be sold under the referee’s hammer at Haverstraw, on April 9, 1902.

Robert B. Ingram, who resigned as engineer of the high-service pumping station, Jersey City, N. J., under pressure, on February 1, has made a formal demand on the street and water board for reinstatement. It was alleged that Ingram, a Republican, padded claims, but the Democratic grand jury refused to find an indictment.

Ten years ago Covington, Ky., with a population of 40,000, furnished water by a schedule of tiat rates and used daily 8,500,000 gallons. Now every consumer is metered, and, with a population of 50,000, the daily consumption is 2,500,000, being a direct saving of 6,000,000 gallons daily. Could there be a fairer illustration of the justness of a meter system ?

The Florence, S. C., plant is almost complete. The well and reservoir are finished, but the standpipe of 100,000’ gallons capacity is not quite ready. The question of issuing $10,000 for extension of mains will be voted on March 31, and the petition to install an electric plant will be favorably considered by the council.

The city council of Elgin, Ill., has decided to submit to a vote of the people a proposition whether or not it shall continue to use the water of the Fox river or get its supply from artesian wells. The new plant of the city will cost about $100,000. Experts say that the people can no longer depend on the river for water, because it is getting lower every year and the volume is insufficient to keep it pure.

Senator Ellsworth, of Lockport, N. Y., has had a bill passed which practically puts the water board of that place out of business by abolishing the section of the city charter which gave the board power to purchase machinery and supplies. There -was friction caused by the water board recommending the Erie canal as a source of supply, while Senator Ellsworth favored lake Ontario.

At Lawton, O. T., the city council granted a franchise for waterworks and sewerage to J. M. Carter, representing the Texas Steel Rail and Equipment company. The cost is to be $10,000. The city reserves the right to buy the waterworks after one year. The company deposited $3,000 to be forfeited in case the contract is broken.

East Hartford. Conn., has 836 water takers.

By the passage in the house of representatives of the State legislature of the bill providing for the appointment by the mayor of members of a board of trustees for the control and operation of waterworks in citiis of the first class and cities tinder special charters, the question of the control of the Sioux City, la., waterworks system is settled.

A Carthage. Mo., paper says that the importance of the water question is not underrated. The city needs and must have pure, wholesome water and adequate fire pressure at rates that are fair and just. Moreover, the mains must be extended to all parts of the city. The council is now investigating and Studying the question in all its bearings so that the people may be given the best water and the best service at the lowest possible rates.

The water committee. Jamestown, N. Y.. met with Frank Y. Stevens, attorney for the Jamestown Water Supply company, and the company agreed to accept $(100,000 for its plant, exclusive of certain real estate not necessary to the operation of the plant. As this is a compromise price, it is expected the sale will be ratified at once, and the property handed over to the city by January next.

The Moutulsville. V. Va.. W ater company has specifications for a new plant which will be located at some point above the mouth of the Little creek, where the water will be lifted from wells into the standpipe until a reservoir is constructed. The specifications will be on exhibition at the company’s office for the inspection of bidders on the construction.

The Pittston, Pa„ Gazette says that it was announced at a recent meeting of the common council that the reservoir of the People’s Water company, situated on Butler Hill, was in danger of collapsing, if filled with water, and the secretary was directed to address a communication to the company, notifying it not to put any more water in the place until it had been made perfectly safe.

A Sacramento, Cal., firm will build the new system for the Keswick. Cal.. Water company at a cost of $20,000. The source of supply will be Spring creek entering Keswick by what is known as the old Calumet ditch. Slick Rock creek, which flows into Spring creek, will be cut out, thus insuring absolutely pure water. The capacity of the Keswick waterworks will be 150.000.000 gallons of water a day—sufficient to supply several towns.

At Manhattan, Kan., an ordinance which will come up for adoption at the regular council meeting this month will provide for two things: First, that the users of water have meters, so that the open rate waste may be stopped; second, that the rates be increased enough to make the plant selfsupporting, oils nearly so as possible, without making the price of water higher than the average in cities of the size uf Manhattan.

An adverse report on the purchase of the Highland Park, Cal., waterworks plant by the city of Los Angeles at the price asked will be made by City Engineer Stafford and Superintendent Mulhollahd of the municipal waterworks. The report will place a value on the plant far below that of $100,000, which, it has been expected, would be the amount of the consideration.

A press report from Austin, Tex., says: Water meters set in premises knowp to waste water day and night will help water takers in the high part of town and will greatly reduce the fuel bill at the power house. At least 2,000,000 gallons of water a day are wasted in Austin during the summer months and meters will either stop this or compel payment for the water. That’s the good the meters will do.

At Berkeley, Cal., the Contra Costa Water company will construct a large distributing reservoir on the northwest corner of Webster street and Claremont avenue. The reservoir will be of concrete and have a capacity of 7,000,000 gallons. The water supply for the storage basin will be pumped from Alvarado, twenty-five miles distant. The reservoir willsupply the southern part of Berkeley and the adjacent portions of Oakland.

A dispatch from St. Louis says that the people of Webster Groves ratified a contract with the Missouri Water, Light & Traction company for a supply of water from the Missouri river. The water company was recently granted a franchise by the county court to construct its mains from the Missouri river, near Creve Coeur lake/ through Kirkwood to Webster Groves. Kirkwood ratified a contract with the company several months ago, and it is thought that work will begin at once.

Commissioner Dougherty’s experience of seeing a bill killed, though recommended by him as head of the water supply department of New York city, is by no means a common one. The bill in question was that intended to repeal the Burr law, and so to enable Brooklyn to use the surplus waters of Suffolk county. On the other hand, the joint bit of Senator McCarren and Assemblyman Cotton, which provided for a water commission to investigate a suitable water supply for New York city, and was opposed by Commissioner Dougherty, was killed in committee.

The majority of the Supreme court has sustained the hoard of water commissioners of Wilmington, Del., in their right to purchase property for reservoir purposes out of the surplus fund of the department. The board had negotiated the purchase of the Weldin farm on which to build a new reservoir. The money, however, was held up by the city auditor, who believed the hoard had not the right to buy the land. The city council, which upheld the auditor, may appeal the case.

The Niagara. Lockport and Ontario company has been awarded the contract to supply Lockport, N. Y.. with pure water to he obtained from a power canal to he built from the Niagara river to that city. The contract calls for an expenditure of $500,000 by the city for the supply, which is much more than the water is worth: but it is believed that the power canal, which will cost millions, will bring many manufacturing concerns to Lockport. The Niagara river will be tapped at Lasalle, and the water will be brought eighteen miles. The company has a franchise granted by the State, and the promoters are now securing options on land along the proposed route.

In reply to a proposed remedy for relief for Brooklyn by connecting the Croton and Ridgewood systems bv means of a pipe under the East River to draw daily on the too.ooo.ooo-gallon Croton surplus. Commissioner Dougherty, of the New York water supply department, says that even if such a Croton surplus existed and its system could be connected with that of Ridgewood, it would still take a long time to make the connection under the East River. Anyway. Manhattan and the Bronx boroughs need all the water they can get.

This is not pleasant news from Pittsburgh. Pa.: This city isthreatened with a water famine. The mud that has been in solution in the Allegheny river since the flood, over two weeks ago, has been clogging the valves at the Brilliant pumping station and the engines have not been able to pump water fast enough to keep up with the consumption. The supply in the reservoir has been steadily decreasing and the city officials have been making strenuous efforts ta remedy the matter.





Keokuk, Ia., may levy a one-mile tax for a water system.

No waterworks franchise will be granted at Algoma, Wis. The “antis” won in the Circuit court.

P. H. Porter, of Clinton, Ky., is said to have contracted to build the waterworks at Terry, Ky., for $9,904.

Rumor has it that the water and lighting plant of Worthington, Ind., has been purchased by an Indiana politan.

Ozark, Ala., will soon own its waterworks, and will not be in debt for them, as it has plenty of money in its treasury.

By an overwhelming majority Jamestown, N. Y.. has voted not to spend $700,000 in the purchase of the local waterworks plant.

The question at Miatnisburg, Ohio, is, Shall the new system be municipal or private? Municipal ownership seems most favored.

The city council of Liberty, Mo., has engaged W. Keirsted, of Kansas City, to superintend the construction of the waterworks system for that citv

Scarcity of water caused the government troops to leave Agua Duke, where, though its name implies plenty of sweet water, there are only two wells.

Bloomington, 111., has come to the wise conclusion that a water supply should take precedence of an electric light plant. It may cost the city from $40,000 to $50,000.

At Milton, Mass,, where there is an agitation for taking over the plant of the local water company, there is opposition on account of the alleged unwholesimieness of the water supplied.

A fire protection test well sunk at Pocahontas, la, struck eighty feet of water-bearing sand and rock at 250 feet. The well to he drilled must be of ten inch diameter and nowhere less than seven-inch.

The Austin, Tex., Evening Tribune savs: “Watei meters to control the waste will save fuel and re duce expenses. The city should and must furnish them, starting with the big known wasters of wa ter.”

A measure is to be introduced into the Ohio senate to make water trustees elective, So as to maintain the independence of the waterworks control,

The 5,000,000-gallon Holly pump for Sacramento. Cal., will be vertical, triple-expansion, with a guaranteed duty of not less than 135.000.000 foot-pounds, and a plunger stroke of not less than thirty-six inches.

The waterworks company of Urbana, Ohio, offers to sell its plant to the city at a price to be set by three appraisers, one to be chosen by the company, a second by the city; and the third by the other two.

A movement is on foot at Salem, III., for the building of a large reservoir just north of town, and to the fund the Illinois Southern Railway company has subscribed $1,000. The reservoir will cover forty-five acres and the cost is estimated at $5,000.

Rumor has it that Commissioner Dougherty, of New York city, is trying to bring about the purchase of the plants of the Staten Island (Richmond borough) ami the Crystal Springs Water companies by the city.

Southington, Conn., has brought suit against the local water company to compel it to show cause why the rights, franchises, and plant of the company should not be vested in, and become the property of the town.

The new water plant at Atlantic City, N. J., involves the drilling of artesian wells and pumping the water from them. About five miles of pipe will be laid. The plant, the contract for which is about $40,000. will be in South Atlantic.

The Holly Manufacturing company will lease Sandusky. Ohio, a $35,000 up-to-date 10.000,000-gal -Ion pumping engine at the rate of $2,000 every six months for seven years, at the expiration of which time it becomes the property of the city.

Every Brooklynite who has given even the most casual attention to the problem of local water sup ply will heartily approve Mayor Low’s arguments in favor of the repeal of the Burr act, which pre vents the city from drawing water out of Suffolk county.

The water supplied to Kalamazoo, Mich., is so hard that it injures boilers, of which there are at least 2.000 in the city. Soft water may be piped from Gull lake. More water is needed for fire protection anyway, and it will take $50,000 to pay for the improvement.

The water board of Louisville. Ky., asks for more hydrants and better water facilities and has anpointed a committee to interview the board of public works and board of public safety with that end in view. Larger mains are demanded, especially in South Louisville.

At Sullivan, lnd., the water in the new sixty-foot well is pure and so abundant that many thousand gallons run off daily into the creek. The supply is found in a nine-foot bed of gravel, which will be still farther drilled into. Two more wells will be needed for the town.

General Augustus P. Martin, former mayor and police commissioner of Boston, and up to March 1 water commissioner of Dorchester, Mass., died at his home in the last named city on last Thursday week. The deceased general had served with dis tinction in the Civil war.

The standpipe which the J. J. Case company is putting up at Racine, Wis., for fire protection purposes will have a capacity of 600,000 gallons. The company’s works are well protected. Besides the standpipe there are three pumps connected with the river, and a gate connecting with the mains of the local waterworks.

The new pumping station at Kansas City, Mo., will he built at the foot of Grand avenue or Delaware street. Besides furnishing an increased water pressure for fire service in the business district, by its means fires will be fought in the district without interefering with the water service in any other part of the city.

At Cheyenne, Wyo., fourteen water meters have been reconstructed bv the office of irrigation inves ligations. The new clock work attachment, the in vent ion of Frank Bond and Clarence Johnson of that city, is being used in them. These meters will he employed to measure the water of eastern streams this summer.

The legislature has passed an act legalising the proposed loan of $50,000 to the Des Moines Waterworks company, which will enable it to comply with tlie most onerous of the conditions imposed by the government—that of laying a water main for the army post.

Vancouver, B. C., is improving its waterworks at a cost of $30,000. A five-mile pipe line is to tiring the water from Sohn’s springs to the reservoir, whose capacity is being largely increased, and a new pumping plant is to be installed. The rates will be more than doubled; but more than double value will be given the consumers.

The board of trustees of the waterworks at Sioux City, la., will not resist further the control of the waterworks by the city council, and satisfactory arrangements will be made to allow them to wind up the affairs of the department and turn it over to the proper authorities in the near future. It is possible that the trustees will be allowed to have charge until the end of the fiscal year, March 31.

Work on the filter plant at Tuscaloosa, Ala., has been begun, and will be finished in about four months. Two tanks will be used. The larger one will hold 300,000 gallons and will be placed at the top of the hill near the pump house. The smaller one will hold 230,000 gallons, and will be at the foot of the hill. The filter will be placed between the two tanks. The cost of the work is estimated at $15,000.

At lav ton, Davis county, Utah, the stockholders of the Holmes Creek Irrigation company are at loggerheads with the citizens as to its right to fill a reservoir, as it has done for many years, that came into its possession a year ago. The water so used is that of Snow creek. A committee of the company reports that it has a lawful right to as much of the creek water as had been appropriated in other years. A suit at law will follow.

The Pittsburgh Filter Manufacturing company will build a plant for the softening and filtering of the water at Ensley, Ala., for the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad company. The plant will be the only one of its kind in the South, and one of the few, as it will be the largest of the single plants in the United States. It will cost $35,000, and its daily capacity will be 2,500,000 gallons. It will have four precipitating tanks of 600,000-galkm capacity each.

Assistant United States Engineer L. M. Mann Menasha, Wis., states that the now closing winter has been one of the most satisfactory winter seasons as to the amount of water available for manufactur ing purposes in several years. He says that whil the manufacturers are nermitted to draw water tc a point eighteen inches below the crest of the Me nasha dam in the winter season, there has been no time this year when such has been done.

At Frankfort. Ind., the report of the civil engineers who have been testing the water supply of the city have filed a report favorable to the water company. Thev tested several streams to indicate the fire pressure. At the pumping station the pressure in one test varied from 105 to 120 pounds, and at the fire station it was from ninety-five to 105 pounds. The report indicates that the company is complying with the terms of its franchise, as it relates to water pressure.

A Grand Forks, N. Dak., paper says: The or dinance which has been introduced in the city coun oil, and has passed its first reading, is one of the most important introduced for many a day, and it is to be hoped that it will not be allowed to die but will be pressed until we have a system of meas uring the water used by consumers and charg ing for it that will be more businesslike than the plan under which we have operated since the waterworks system was installed. The present system of charging a fiat rate per month for service of a certain kind, irrespective of the quantity of watei used, is wasteful and extravagant.”

The Merchants’ association of New York city has published in its Bulletin five specific ways in which frauds have been perpetrated on the city in places where some of the 37,000 meters in service in the city are installed. They are as follows: “By suppressing metered premises from the meter class and falsely entering them in the rate class; by me chanically falsifying meters, so that they will regis ter less than the true quantity of water consumed; by false reports by inspectors of the actual quantities registered by meters; by false entries of quantities upon the books of the water register; by secret ser vice pipes, or by-passes, which divert a large por tion of the water actually used, so that it does not pass through the meters.”

Dr. Karl Lie(z, a German chemist, claims to have discovered and has patented a method by which water can be endowed with qualities similar to those of petroleum. He has manufactured a fluid which gives water the combustible qualities of oil, and renders it capable of producing intense heat and a pure white light twice as strong as petroleum flame. The ingredients of the fluid are nonexplosive, and can be produced either in solid or liquid form, according as the mixture is intended to be used for heating or lighting. Exhaustive tests just completed at Hamburg have induced an English syndicate to buy the invention for the purpose of exploiting it on a large scale. The promotors assert that the process foreshadows an industrial revolution, second only to the discovery of electricity.

During 1900 the ptimpage of Toronto, Ont., amounted to 22,094,204 gallons, a per capita allowance of 105 gallons. It has been increased since that time A test recently made by the city engineer in one section of the city, and that not the worse, showed the average consumption of water to be, including waste, only twenty-eight gallons per day per capita • yet the test demonstrated that forty per cent, of that amount was wasted. The area tested was large, while the population, altogether residential, was small. In it were discovered fifty-eight leaks and many taps and other services out of order. A thor ough inspection checked the waste, and reduced the daily per capita consumption to seventeen gallons It is asserted that only one-half of the amount pumped is legitimately consumed.

A correspondent, in writing on the possible passage of the London Water company’s bill, in spite of the opposition of the county council, and a not improbable opposition of many members of the House of Lords, points out that the water supplied to Londoners is not furnished “because it is a necessary of life, but because it is a source of profit to its owners. The fluid sold by the owners of the water is, therefore, both dear and bad. To water a geranium or to take a morning tub at certain times of the year are acts regarded by the water companies as equivalent to the unpardonable sin. The consumers of water now number 6,000,000. In 1931 the number will have increased to 11,000,000. The population will then require an average daily sup ply of 420.000,000 gallons. Today the eight companies who sell us our water do not even supply enough for bare necessities. They sometimes vary their normal practice of retailing hard, or polluted water at a high price; first, by stinting the supply, and. second, by dealing out liquid cholera and enteric or scarlet fever. Parliament has not only placed in the hands of monopolists the pow’er of selling water, but has actually given them powers of tyrannical and vexatious annoyance, which in former days would have been resented by a sterner method than that of protest. Householders are subjected to domiciliary visitations and to arbitrary requirements in respect to water fittings and taps. If a householder does not comply with th£ water companies’ demands he is liable to have his water cut off. The disease is thus set up from which his neighbors suffer. It would be less unreasonable to withdraw the police from a whole street, in consequence of one person’s neglect to pay the police rate, than to cut off the water supply, in consequence of the neglect of one householder to obey the arbitrary requirements of a private trader. The profits of London water companies amounted last year to £1.054,067 18s. iod. ($5.2-20,339/0).”