Water Works Reports.

Water Works Reports.

Somerville, Mass.

The twentieth annual report of the Somerville Mystic Water Board has been issued, showing the Department to be in a very creditable condition. The document reflects great credit on Superintendent Nathaniel Dennett.

The report shows that $35,545.30 were expended during last year for the extension of the water works making the total cost of the system to date $607,593.82. During the year 8,446 feet of new pipe were laid and a large quantity of cement pipe was replaced by cast iron pipe. There are now 508 hydrants in the city of which twentysix were paid for by private parties. The number set during last year was fifty-four, and twentyone were removed, leaving a net increase of thirty-three. Mr. Dennett reports that the high water service continues to grow satisfactory. A new boiler has been purchased and set, and will relieve the boiler formerly in use. The cost of the boiler was $1,270.

New London, Conn.

New London, Conn., has also issued its annual report of water works department. During the last year there were twenty-five renewals and extensions of mains, six temporary mains, and ninety-five new service pipes laid during the year, at a total cost of $17,949. Of this amount $3,398.26 was expended on account of the Briggs’ Brook supply for pipe through Main street, and $6,601.02 for relaying Main street with cast-iron pipe. The total cost of maintenance for the year is $6,944.91, or about $1,000 less than for the previous year. The old cement-lined pipe is being rapidly replaced with cast-iron pipe.

Appended to the report of the commissioners is that of Superintendent and Engineer L. E. Daboll. A new iron bridge for the overflow at the dam which was purchased last year, was put in place in October. Mr Daboll states that nearly all the large consumers are now supplied through meters. There are now 158 meters in use, ten new ones having been put in during last year, and three taken out. Speaking of the meter system Mr. Daboll says: ‘‘Exchanges show that superintendents everywhere are urging an extension of the meter system, and I am convinced from my own experience that a model Water Department is one in which the consumer uses what water he pleases and pays for w’hat he uses, including all that, through carelessness or defective plumbing, goes to waste. There has been in some cities a kind of popular prejudice against the use of meters on domestic services, the claim being that they would encourage economy in the use of water to an extreme, which for sanitary reasons would become a menace to the health and comfort of a community. Such a fear would be groundless in a city where the water rates arc as moderate as they are in New London. An argument in favor of the general use of meters is the advantage to the department. With comparatively accurate reports of consumption under all the varying conditions of pipes and pressure through the city, the superintendent can become more thoroughly master of the details of his business than in any other way. As a step in the right direction I would recommend that all services in the department on which the yearly water rate equals or exceeds $20, be metered. There are at present 97 unmetered services of this description.”

The total length of new pipe laid during the year was 7,653 feet, and that of cement lined pipe replaced by iron pipe was 6,022.

Water Works Reports.

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Water Works Reports.

St. Louis.

THE annual report of Water Commissioner Holman, St. Louis, for the year ending April, 1894, has just been issued. The table of expenditures and receipts which is embodied in the report shows the total gross expenditure for operating and maintaining the works to be $399,793.91, and the total receipts $27,987.61, leaving the net expenditures $371, 806.30. The expenses of the pumping department were, for the high service station $140,080.29, and for the law service $74,699.88. Ten new meters were set, twentyone taken out and sixty-five replaced.

During last year the following additions have been made to the distribution system : Six inch pipe, 131,911 feet; 8 inch pipe, 1,397.5 feet; 12 inch pipe. 35,506.5 feet; 20 inch pipe, 18.293.5 feet; 36 inch pipe. 2,438 feet, a total of 189,546.5 feet, or 35,899 miles; more pipe than has been added to the system during any previous year.

Two sections of the conduit were completed during the year, iron water gates have been put in the conduit chamber at Baden, and the work of erecting a brick gate house has been commenced. The water gates and gate house of the inlet tower at the pumping station were completed, and a boiler hou*e was built. Two Worthington 20,000,000 gallon pumping engines and their delivery pipes were put in and are now ready for testing, which will be done as soon as the boilers are ready for use. The new high service engine house was also completed. The report shows unusual progress and reflects great credit on Commissioner Holman. Appended to the report are two tables showing the cost per million gallons at the high service and low service stations. The expense last year at the former was $8,065, and at the latter $4,280. The average expense for the last ten vears was : High service, $8,976, and low service. $4,344.

(Jtticlmmt11, Ohio.

The Water Department of Cincinnatti, Ohio, has issued its fifty-fourth annual report. Superintendent Willis P. Tharp, in his report to the administration shows that considerable improvements to the station have been effected during the last year. Among other things he notes the building of a new battery of four large boilers, taking the place of the old, lowpressure b >ilers. and the rebuilding of the Darkness & Powell engines which have been in use during the last forty years.

Kxtensive and valuable improvements have been made at Eden Park during the past year, as is evidenced by examination. ‘I’wo new six-million-gallon (laskill engines have been erected in the new station during the year. Also the necessary boilers for their operation, consisting of two fonr-boiler batteries of large size, which will be delivered within a few weeks. Practically, this new and beautiful station has been completed, and will be placed in service within a short time.

I’he new stand pipe with all its appurtenances, consisting of twenty-four inch, thirty-six inch and forty-eight inch mains, connecting the tower with the pumping station, as also with the distribution in McMillan street, has been completed and is now ready for service. The pipe system in connection with this plant is, of itself, a large and valuable improvement.

The old station at Eighth street has been abandoned, and the new station at Mt. I lope constructed and placed in operation. A small direct pressure plant has been built at Cumminsville. The department has recommended the building of a reservoir, and steps have been taken towards condemning suitable property for this purpose. The pipe laid during the year amounted to 10.82 miles.

In regard to improvements for next year Mr. Sharp says : “ The department will lay a new 36-inch force main from Front street station to Eden Park, a portion of same nowbeing laid, and all the pipe necessary to complete same being delivered on the ground. In anticipation of the future, 1 wouhi say that preliminary steps should be taken during the coming year for the erection of a new pumping engine and the necessary boilers to operate same. The delay in the contracting. building and erection of this class of work is such as to demand early attention in order that increased capacity may meet increased demand. During the year past a contract has been made with the Barr Pumping Engine Company of Philadelphia for the construction of two new water ends of nine million gallons capacity each, to be operated by the old steam ends now in use. The completion of this improvement, which will occur during the coming year, will place the Front street p i nping station in complete repair, all repairs having been completed, and all the pumping engines having been either rebuilt or replaced with new.”

The authorities of Penn’s Grove, Pa., have decided not to purchase lire apparatus.