WATER-WORKS.

WATER-WORKS.

FREDERICK, MD.

Sealed proposals will be received until Monday, May 15, 1893, by the water committee of Frederick City, Md., for the construction of a reservoir with a capacity of 6,000,000 gallons of water. Plans, specifications and contracts will be on exhibition at the office of the City Registrar, city hall, Frederick, Md. Blank form of plans, specifications and contracts will be furnished on application. Each bid must be accompanied by a certified check to the amount of $200 as a guarantee of good faith. The right to reject any and all bids reserved.

JOE F. EISENHAUER,

Chairman Water Committee,

Frederick, Md.

vicinity showed them to be in like condition. The boxes plugged exposed the Davidson shipyard, the Crump Manufacturing Company, the Cincinnati mill. Handy Bros, box factory, and the two largest breweries in the valley. The plug had been made especially for the purpose, and was of steel, fitted like the lead in a cartridge and pounded into the box. I he whole lock was destroyed by it.

The steamer Belgic has arrived at San Francisco, bringing advices from Yokohama to the 7th instant. A fire devastated a considerable portion of the towns of Kanda and Shitaya, 1 okyo, on the 28th ult. Three hundred houses, including the Ichimura theatre. Shitaya disttict court, the Kompira-Sha and Todo-Tel were destroyed and two lives lost.

The superintendent of the Cork (Ireland) Fire Brigade has sent out the following for publication in this country :

To Fire Companies in America ;

I beg to state that preliminary arrangements have been made for holding a grand fire brigade fete and gala day in the Cork Park Agricultural Grounds on August 7, 1893, which will be a general holiday. I beg you will support the event by sending a team to compete in the numerous events. There are varied attractions to visitors—the most notable are the beautiful harbor of Queenstown, Blarney Castle and the far-famed “ Blarney Stone,” the splendid scenery at Glengariff, and last, but not least, the Lakes of Ivillarney. Excursions will run from all parts of the United Kingdom, and privileges be granted teams by making early application to heads of departments over whose lines they propose to travel. As this is the first gathering of the kind ever held in this country, 1 beg you will kindly give it your support and patronage. I remain, faithfully yours, ALFRKI) J. HUTSON,

Superintendent City Cork Fire Brigade.

The firemen of Providence, R. I., are making an effort to have their salaries increased. At present they are paid as follows : Chief, $2000; deputy chief, $1500; captains, $1000; assistant foremen, $900; hosemen, after three years’ service, $840; two years, $780; first year, $720 per year. A movement has been started among the citizens to help the firemen in their struggle, and it is meeting with a great deal of favor.

Some of the insurance papers sarcastically admire the “ nerve ” of Chief Hughes of the Louisville Fire Department in losing $14,000 at faro. The next week Chief Hughes’ put out a fire threatening $500,000 of property, at a loss of about $30,000. Nerve is a good thing to have on all occasions. Besides, there is no Sunday-school standard for firemen that we are familiar with.

Milwaukee city council has voted against the creation of the office of fire marshal.

An exchange says : A novel system of fireproof protection is in us in Cleveland, Ohio, which has proved quite successful. Four six-inch mains are laid from the Cuyahoga river to the business streets of the city, the distance being from 700 to IOOO feet. The mains are provided at intervals with ordinary fire hydrants, but are normally quite empty, as they are laid with a slope toward the river, into which they empty themselves. In case of a fire, the city fire boat is run to the river end of the mains, with which one of its nozzles is connected. The pumping engines in the boat are capable of putting on a pressure of 200 to 250 pounds per square inch, so that a good pressure is available at the hydrant.

The Worcester (Mass.) Fire Department committee has asked for bids from manufacturers of Silsby, Clapp & Jones, Bution, Ahrens and La France steam fire engines. The committee has also looked at combination pieces of apparatus, which include a Holloway chemical, IOOO feet of hydrant hose and ladders. The idea is to use a piece of apparatus of this nature at the Burncoat street house, the lot for which has been purchased.

A new ordinance in So. Bethlehem, l’a., provides for a paid fire department.

The officers of the Newbury port (Mass.) Fire Department were elected for the ensuing year as follows : chief, Selwyn C. Reed ; first assistant. E. S. Johnson.

Secretary Osborne Howes, Jr., of the Board of Fire Underwriters, Boston, appeared before the Massachusetts Committee on cities in support of the petition of Mayor Matthews that the floor area in second class buildings be limited to 6000 feet in the city of Boston. The limit at the present time is 10,000 feet, but of course, there are.a number of structures erected under the former law in which this area is largely exceeded.

A fireman’s muster for steam fire engines only is to be one of the features of the Attleboro (Mass.) Agricultural Society’s fair in September next.

The Triangl’ in Fresno, Cal., has been beaten at the polls, and the firemen will now have a chance.

Chief Hugh Bonner of the New York Fire Department and Superintendent Abram C. Hall of the New York Salvage Corps have been elected honorary members of the National Fire Brigade’s Union of England, and have received their certificates.

Governor Flower has signed Assemblyman Butt’s bill providing that the “ Trustees of the Exempt Firemen’s Benevolent Fund of the city of New York ” shall be entitled to collect, and there shall be paid to them for ten years from the 17th day of January, 18S7, the percentage or tax on receipts of the foreign fire insurance companies doing business in the city of New York, except as to business done by said forei.n fire insurance companies in that part or portion of the city of New York known and designated as the Twenty-third and Twentyfourth wards, which percentage or tax shall be paid to the treasurer of the trustees of “ The Exempt Firemen’s Benevolent Fund Association of the Twenty-third ward of the city of New York.”

Water Works.

0

Water Works.

We are often asked by correspondents, “What do you consider the best means for providing a small place with a supply of water for fire purposes?” This is a most difficult question to answer—in fact, no general answer can be given, for the question of a water supply for any given place is dependent upon the conditions which surround that particular place. There is, however, no public improvement which a community can introduce, that is so essential to the comfort, convenience and safety of the citizens as a good supply of water for private and public use. The science of hydraulic engineering and improvements in machinery have made such rapid progress of late years that the cost of a satisfactory system of water supply has been brought within the means of every enterprising and public spirited community. Few cities can afford so elaborate a system as New York possesses, the cost of which has been somewhere between twenty and fifty millions of dollars. Nor is it necessary that they should. Most places are more fortunately situated than New York, as regards obtaining fresh water. The best and most satisfactory water supply is unquestionably the gravitating system—or that system which obtains a supply above the level upon which it is delivered, whereby the laws of gravity serve to give sufficient pressure to it to raise it into buildings, and to provide a stream for fire purpose without the intervention of machinery. Where a natural stream can be led into a reservoir located above the level of a village, a ready and economical water supply is obtained. The reservoir is the most acceptable means of providing a supply of water, as it serves to store up water in times of drought, and, if properly located, gives the required pressure upon the street mains. It may be supplied by natural means, as suggested ; or, by means of very simple and inexpensive pumping machinery, water may be lifted from a lower level to keep it filled. It used to be a costly matter to procure pumping machinery, but at present there are any number of powerful pumps offered at reasonable prices which perform this duty satisfactorily. Within the past few years many small places have thus provided economical and satisfactory water works. The Holly system is also a very satisfactory one. By this, reservoir? are dispensed with, the water being pumped directly into the street mains, at either a low pressure for ordinary domestic purposes, or at a higher pressure when required for extinguishing fires. A Western inventor has recently adapted compressed air to a system of water supply. An air-tight reservoir is constructed into which water is pumped. The air being bus compressed to the top of the reservoir, furnishes power which serves to eject the water with considerable pressure when required. The essential requisite of a water supply for fire purposes is such a pressure as will give several effective fire streams at the hydrants. Where this is secured, a good supply of hose and Hose Reels are about all that are necessary in the way of fire apparatus. We have frequently called attention to driven-wells as a means of water supply, but these, like cisterns, wells, lakes, etc., give no pressure—they simply furnish a ready supply of water to be taken by suction.

A good system of water supply should be found in every’ village in the land, not only for fire protection, but for the personal comfort and convenience of citizens. If economically constructed and administered, such works can be made a source of profit to the municipal government instead of an expense. We could name several cities where the revenues from the sales of water not only pay all the cost of maintenance, but are steadily reducing the debt originally incurred for their construction. Meantime the citizens enjoy the blessings of an abundance of good water, additional safety for their property, and a reduction in their rates of insurance. This last item is one of great importance, but is generally overlooked in counting the cost of water works. This alone would, in a few years, pay for the construction of water works in many places where the present insurance risk is great, owing to the lack of water facilities. While we are convinced that it is good economy for every community to provide an adequate water supply, the system best adapted to any particular one depends entirely upon conditions and cirstances.