What Should Modern Rules Include?

What Should Modern Rules Include?

Rules and Regulations Covering Duties for Truckmen and Mechanics or Helpers Considered—Seventeenth of Series

IN this installment of the series of articles on the rules and regulations of fire departments are considered the rules pertaining to truckmen and to mechanics or helpers. There are six rules regulating the duties of truckmen and twelve for mechanics or helpers in the forty-one reports analyzed, as against twenty rules for drillmasters, eleven for chiefs’ aids or drivers and ten for pipemen, hosemen and hydrantmen, considered in the last issue of FIRE ENGINEERING:

Truckmen

In six of the forty-one departments considered the following rule is incorporated:

“Truckmen shall also perform such other duties as may be required of them by their superior officers, or the rules and regulations of the Department.”

Three of the departments consider the following rule essential:

“It shall be the duty of truckmen to keep quarters, apparatus and equipment in a clean and serviceable condition and perform all other duties assigned them in or out of quarters.”

This rule is enforced in two of the departments:

“When a truck company is not called into action, its members shall remain near their apparatus unless otherwise ordered.”

The rules which follow have been found listed in but one city each:

San Francisco, Cal.

“Truckmen shall respond to all alarms of fire as prescribed for their companies and in every case they shall conform to and promptly and cheerfully obey all orders of their superior officers.”

Pittsburgh, Pa.

“Truckmen shall be on duty at their respective quarters at all times, except when detailed elsewhere or at fires.”

St. Louis, Mo.

“In the absence of the Captain and the Lieutenant the senior truckman shall perform their duties.”

Mechanics or Helpers

In five of the forty-one departments considered the following rule is incorporated :

“Machinists shall perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Supt. of Machinery. They shall be held responsible for the proper care and safe keeping of tools and supplies entrusted in their care.”

Two cities have incorporated the following rule:

“Mechanicians shall respond to all second, third and fourth alarms. At fires, each apparatus will be visited and adjustments or changes made to enable the operator to obtain the best results possible.”

The rules which follow have been found listed in but one city each:

Utica, N. Y.

“The time of work, hours for meals and time off duty for mechanicians shall be designated by the Chief Engr. or Deputy Chief in charge.”

“Mechanics shall inspect apparatus every two weeks and make note of condition of same. The report must be filed at the Bureau Headquarters on the 2nd and 17th of each month.”

“When apparatus is sent to the shop for repairs the mechanician shall sec that the work is well and properly performed; that no unnecessary expense is incurred and that the apparatus is returned for service as quickly as possible. No expense is to be incurred without the consent of the Chief or Deputy Chief in charge.”

Akron, Ohio

“Mechanics shall be subject to the same rules as to uniform, conduct, discipline, and offenses as are provided for the members of the Fire Department generally.”

“In no case and under no circumstances shall mechanics perform any work for any person, company or corporation, not connected with the Department, without orders from the proper authorities.”

Oklahoma City, Okla.

“Mechanics may be required to man reserve apparatus or perform such other duties as from time to time they may he directed by the Chief Engineer.”

“Mechanics shall not be required to be in uniform while working on cars or apparatus or are on duty in the repair shop.”

“Mechanics are subject to all the rules governing the department and such other rules or regulations as may be imposed upon them by the Master Mechanic.”

Milwaukee, Wis.

“A mechanic shall not absent himself, leave his work or the shop during the specified hours except by permission or direction of the Supt. of Machinery and it shall be the duty of each employee, upon the completion of any work that he may have been ordered to perform, or in the event of his meeting with any unforeseen difficulty in its performance, or requiring further instructions, to promptly report same to the Supt. of Machinery.”

“Mechanics shall be subject to a call for duty at any time.”

(To be continued)

What Should Modern Rules Include?

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What Should Modern Rules Include?

Rules and Regulations for Drillmasters and Chiefs’ Aids or Drivers Considered—Sixteenth of Series

IN this installment of the series of articles on the rules and regulations of fire departments are considered the rules pertaining to drillmasters anti chiefs’ aids or drivers. There are twenty rules regulating the duties of drillmasters and eleven those of the chiefs’ aids or drivers, as compared with fifty-one for watch duty considered in the last issue of FIRE ENGINEERING.

Drillmasters

In four of the forty-one departments considered the following rule is incorporated:

“The Drill Master shall, subject to the order of the Chief of Dept., have complete and sole charge of the Drill Tower, all drill equipment and of the drilling of all members of the Dept., and shall have complete and sole command of such Dept, members as may be, from time to time, detailed or assigned for parades, escorts, exhibitions, or demonsfrations.”

Three of the departments consider the following three rules essential:

“The Drill Master shall keep a complete and accurate record of his operations and drills and shall on the first of each month, submit to the Chief of Dept, a complete detailed report of his activities during the preceding month.”

“The Drill Master shall keep a book, and note the names of each and every member who attends, and the company of which he is a member and the time of practice.”

“Every candidate for the Fire Dept, of Waterbury, Conn., shall first report to the Dept. Chief, who shall assign him to the care of the Drill Masters for instruction. This shall take place directly after his appointment as callman or probationary fireman. And not until the said Drill Masters have filed a report of the man’s qualifications with the Dept. Chief, who shall present the same to his superiors, shall the Board of Public Safety advance the said fireman to the regular or permanent force. In other words, the Drill Masters shall first certify to the Callman’s ability as a fireman before being advanced to the regular force.”

“He shall perform such other duties as may be, from time to time, required by the Chief of Dept.”

These five rules are enforced in two of the departments :

“The Drill Master shall report direct to the Chief in charge of each second or greater alarm of fire.”

“Drill Master shall have the rank and authority of District Chief and shall be obeyed and respected accordingly.”

‘Tn their work the Drill Master shall be civil and courteous at all times giving encouragement to the beginner and helping him as much as possible; reprimands may be given if necessary. The Drill Master should be reasonable and just in their work of overseer of tower work.”

“When an alarm is given during drill practice the drill master shall excuse such firemen as may be deemed necessary to answer the alarm, providing the said firemen, at the particular time, is on call duty.”

The rules which follow have been found listed in but one city each:

Fresno, Calif.

“The Drill Master shall from time to time, or as may be required by the Chief of Dept., formulate drills and evolutions as may be, in his poinion, necessary and proper for the maintenance and increase of efficiency in the Dept.”

Waterbury, Conn.

“The Drill Master shall note the work of men and later, of they believe it to be for the better interests of the Dept., to call them in for further examination.”

“The Drill Masters may postpone the drill school for the day on account of the weather, notifying the members of such action as soon as possible. Daily drills, however, shall be assigned for different shifts at least five days during the week, Saturday and Sunday and holidays being excepted.”

Washington, D. C.

“The hours of duty of Drill Masters shall be from 9:00 A.M. until 4:30 P.M., and his headquarters shall be at such place as may be designated from time to time by the Chief Engineer.”

“The Drill Master shall submit daily reports to the Chief covering entries made on his records.”

“The Chief of Dept, shall have the authority to shorten the hours of drills, or omit same altogether when, in his opinion, the weather or other conditions warrant such action.”

“New appointees when on day duty shall be detailed by the Battalion Chief in charge ol their respective battalions, to the Drill School for 30 full drill days following their appointments.”

“The drills shall consist of instructions and practical demonstrations by the Drill Master, together with such participation by the men under his command as he shall deem fit, in the use and care of all tools, appliances, and apparatus, carried on the engines, hose wagons, and trucks of the Fire Dept.”

“One-half hour (front 12:00 noon until 12:30 P.M.) shall be allowed the Drill Master and his men for lunch. Men detailed to the Drill School shall report promptly at 9:00 A.M. and remain there subject to the orders of the Drill Master until 5:00 P.M.”

Rochester, N. Y.

“The Drill Master shall promptly report any injury, however slight, received by any man, v’hile attending the school, to the Chief of Dept.”

“The Drill Master shall see that lifenets, gas masks, ropes in use by the Dept., shall be tested at least once every 6 months and properly labeled with the date of test.”

Chief’s Aides or Drivers

In four of the forty-one departments considered, the following two rules are incorporated:

“Orders and messages may be delivered by him from the Dept. Chief and shall be considered in the same manner as of delivered personally by the Chief but shall apply only during fires.”

“The care of cars assigned the Dept. Chief and Deputy Chiefs shall be in the hands of such aides as assigned to this duty.”

Three cities have incorporated in their rules and regulations the following three rules:

“Officers detailed as aides to the Dept. Chief shall be within call at all times, except when off duty with consent and approval of the Dept. Chief.”

“He shall perform such other duties as may be assigned by the chief.”

“Firemen detailed as drivers to the Chief, Deputy Chief and District Chiefs are to be considered as aides to the Chief during fires and may be used by such Chiefs in carrying orders to and from various officers.”

These two rules are enforced in two of the departments :

“The member detailed as chief’s aide or driver shall be with the officer at all times except when granted regular or special leave of absence, or otherwise ordered.”

“The Chief’s aide or driver shall be responsible for all messages transmitted through him to others and shall report to the commanding officer the result of such messages.”

The rules which follow have been found listed in but one city each:

Portland, Me.

“Drivers designated as aides to chiefs, etc., are strictly forbidden to give any orders or directions not specially authorized or directed by such officers.”

“Chief’s aides or drivers shall acquaint themselves with the locations of all fire alarm boxes; all signals used in connection with fire alarms and with other matters of importance relative to the above, which may be of service to the Dept, or to themselves; shall be prepared to do active duty at fires when called upon and shall, at all times, give strict attention to the work required of them.”

Providence, R. I.

“The aide to the Chief of Dept, shall rank as a private.”

Milwaukee. Wis.

“In the absence of the chief’s aid or driver, a responsible member will be chosen by the chief to assume his duties, wear his fire hat at fires, and be obeyed and respected accordingly.”

Engine Companies—Pipemen, Hosemen and Hydrantmen

Three of the forty-one cities considered incorporate the following rule;

“It shall be their duty to keep the quarters, apparatus, and equipment clean and serviceable and perform all other duties as assigned to them in or out of quarters.”

Two cities have incorporated in their rules and regulations the following two rules:

“Hydrantmen shall attend to all hydrants and cisterns in their respective districts, see that same are in good condition and ready at all times for immediate use.”

“They shall also perform such other duties as may be required of them by their superior officers, or the rules and regulations of the Dept. (Hydrantmen).”

The following rules have been found listed in but one city each:

San Francisco, Cal.

“They shall visit and inspect cisterns in their respective districts once in each month, keep the same filled with water and see that they are in proper condition and ready for immediate use at all times. They shall report the condition of the several cisterns once in each month to the Battalion Chief of the District wherein said cisterns are located, but if for any reason a cistern becomes useless the fact shall be immediately reported to the proper Battalion Chief. (Hydrantmen).”

Minister is All-Around Fire-Fighter Rev. Henry S. Habersham, seventy years old, of Monroe, Conn., is a rare type of fire-fighter. Besides diverting souls from the perpetual bonfire he is chief of the local fire department. Once during church service when the siren sounded, he stopped the service and rushed out to drive the fire apparatus.

“They shall see that the hydrants are at all times kept free from obstructions of every character, so that access thereto may be readily had by the engines of the Dept. (Hydrantmen).”

“They shall register in books provided for that purpose the exact location of all hydrants and hydrant gates in their respective districts and see that said gates are conspicuously exposed and not covered or hidden in any way by pavement, bitumen or other material or substrance used for street purposes or otherwise. (Hydrantmen).”

Pittsburgh, Pa.

“During their tour of duty of hosemen attached to Engine Companies shall be on duty at their respective quarters at all tunes, except when detailed elsewhere at fires.”

St. Louis, Mo.

“In the absence of the Capt. and Lieut, the senior pipeman shall perform their duties.”

New Orleans, La.

“When on duty at fires pipemen of engine companies shall remain with the captain or officer in charge near the pipe.”

Peoria, Ill.

“Every hoseman shall carry a hose wrench when on duty at a fire.”