Construction, Extension and Management of Plants.



At Fitchburg, Mass., the total length of extensions was 4,789 feet, making the total length of mains 67.55 miles, of which 9,738 feet is cement, sixteen to fourteen-inch, 34.72 miles iron mains, high-service thirty-inch, twenty-four-inch, and twenty-inch, with twelve valves, and 30.99 miles iron mains, low service, sixteen-inch to two-inch, with 276 valves With thirteen hydrants set last year there is a total of 512, of which eighty-four are owned by private parties. Eight drinking fountains have also been erected—three for park, and five for street use In connection with each fountain has been built a brick ice box, with suitable piping, upon which the ice will be laid, each box holding about 2.000 pounds of ice, which the department will supply from an ice house it has built, in which to store about 25c tons of ice front Overlook reservoir. There are now 4.536 taps in use, of which 104 were added last year ; 7,249 feet of service pipe was laid, of which 3,583 was charged to the water takers. The total length of service pipe now in use is 49.43 miles, of which the city owns 153.692 feet. The total rainfall foi the year was 49.28 inches, which was 7.28 inches above the average. The highest amount of rainfall was in April and May, 9.91 and 7.46 inches respect ively; the lowest, in February, June, November, and September. .77. 1.19. 1.67, and 1.73 inches respective ly. The water furnished the city for twenty-twc schoolhouses. 512 hydrants, engine and hose houses police stations, etc., is valued at $38,195. The re -eipts from the sale of water amounted to $65,527.90 for the year; expenditures for maintenance, $38,275,73. The net cost of the works to date from con struction in 1873 has been $429,775.26. The system is owned by the city: source of supply, storage reser voirs: mode of supply, gravity; average pressure, low-service, seventy-five pounds, high-service, 155 pounds; stop-gates in use. 564; kinds of pipe used wrought iron, cement-lined, and cast iron; motors and elevators added last year, three; number now ir use, ninety-seven; meters added, ninety-five, making the total number of meters now in use, 2,522, of which the city owns IQI. They are of the following makes: Union (rotary 848. duplex, five-eighth-inch, one). 849: Thomson. 501 : Crown. 440: Hersey (disk. 170. Hersev, seventy-nine, torrent, one). 250; Tri dent. 206: Empire. 140; Nash, seventy-two; Ball and Fitts, twenty-nine; Columbia, sixteen; Lambert, ten; Gem, five. The receipts from metered water were as follows: Manufacturers. $16,410.13: domestic, $25,821.72. leaving $21,816.03 received from water rates. The estimated consumption in gallons for an estimated total population of 31,531 last year was 1.022,000,000; estimated average daily consumption, 2.800.000 gallons: estimated total consumers. 27,000: estimated gallons per dav to each consumer 103. The monthly analyses of the water prove it to be of exceptional wholesomeness. The board of water commissioners is as follows: Albert H. Burgess (president) ; James B. Austin; Samuel D. Sheldon. A. Y. F. Brown is water registrar, and Thomas W. Lovell performs most efficiently the duties of clerk and superintendent.


The waterworks of Middleboro, Mass., a town of 6.885 inhabitants, were built in 1885 (net cost tc date, $117,958.82), and are owned by the Middleboro fire district. The source of supply is a large well: the mode, pumping by Deane pump to mains and standpipe; total pumpage, 81,884,000, without allow ance for slip; average static head against which pump works. 182 feet; average dynamic head, 203 feet; coal for year. 536,970; number of gallons pumped per pound of coal, 152; duty of pumps, 25. 796,680; cost of pumping figured on pumping sta tion expenses ($2,616.45), per million gallons pumped, $31.95; per million gallons raised one fool (dynamic), $0,157; cost figured on total mainte nance ($7,308.06) per million gallons pumped, $89.25 per million gallons raised one foot (dynamic), $0.44 receipts for water (metered, $7,174.03, non-metered $3,662.19), $10,836.22 (net) ; gross receipts from all sources, $15,838.94; expenditures (not including font per cent, interest on $54,500 bonded debt), $2,539.74 sinking fund at date, $6,620.42. The total mileage of mains (cast iron, twelve inch to four-inch), 17, 723—5280; hydrants, public and private, 121 ; stop gates, 175; blow-off gates, six: pressure at centre of town, forty-five pounds to sixty pounds: services (wrought iron, cement-lined, and lead, three inch to three-quarter-inch), 9.35 miles; taps. 844: meters 369, as follows: Mersey (Mersey, fifty, disk, sixty nine). 119: Crown, seventy-nine; Nash, sixty-six; Thomson, fifty-seven; Trident, thirty-nine; Empire six; Columbia, one; Gem, one; Union rotary, one motors in use (five for church organs, one for housi elevator, one for coffee-grinder), seven: percentage of services metered, forty-three: percentage of re ceipts from metered water. .66. Estimated total population at date of town, 7,000. of fire district 4,300: estimated population on lines of pipe. 4.100 estimated population supplied, 3,800; total consump tion for the year, 81.884.000 gallons; passed through meters, 41.730,000 gallons; percentage of consump tion metered, fifty-one; average daily consumption. 224.340 gallons; gallons per day to each inhabitant 52; gallons per day to each’consumer, fifty-nine: gallons per day to each tap, 266. The plant is kept in firstclass condition and most economically man aged by Superintendent Joseph E. Beals.


T11 this city so far as the water service for fire protection was concerned, although the pressure was fully up to contract, still during 1901 the average pressure throughout the city was considerably in creased with the enlarged and improved pipe system, so that the fire service was and is good in all points within the city limits. The greatest improvement of the year was the laying of the twelve-inch pine along Madison avenue. Market and East Eighteenth streets to Sixth avenue, connecting it with the Stonv road pump pressure. This assures a large supply of water at a pressure at Sixth avenue and East Eighteenth street of over forty pounds. Oak street and ad jacent streets on the top of the hill are also supplied with the same pressure. Tti 1902 West. River, and North Main streets will have larger mains laid under better pressure. During the past vear 308 feet of four-inch cast iron pipe replaced the same number of feet of four-inch cement nine: 2.049 feet of sixinch cast iron, the same number of feet of four-inch cement: 308 feet four-inch cast iron, four-inch cement: 2.019 feet six-inch cast iron, four-inch cement: 241 feet six-inch cast iron, four-inch cast iron; 5.136 feet six-inch cast iron, six-inch cement: 630 feet sixinch cast iron, twelve-inch cement: 2.272 feet eightinch cast iron, six-inch cement: 1,313 feet eight-inch cast iron, ten-inch cement; 300 feet ten-inch cast iron, six-inch cement; 72 feet ten-inch cast iron, ten-inch cement: 1.531 feet twelve-inch cast iron, sixinch cement: fifty-six feet twelve-inch cast iron, twelve-inch cement: fifty-six feet sixteen-inch cast iron, six-inch cement. A total of two miles. 5.003 feet, of cement pipe was thus replaced by cast iron nine, while a total of 1,847 feet one-inch cement pipe was abandoned. New water mains were laid as follows: Four hundred and fifty-one feet four inch: 22.130 feet six-inch: 1.303 feet eight-inch; 7.989 feet twelve-inch: and T.194 feet sixteen-inch—a total increased mileage of six miles 1,387 feet.



During 1901 a water pipe was laid from Main street to the works of tlie Reading Rubber mills: another from Ash street to the Symonds mills; and the main was extended on West street, Summer avenue, and Pearl streetall these at a cost of $6,264.45. The main pipes were also extended 435 feet on Park avenue at a cost of $292.71. The total mileage of mains (cast iron, twelve-inch to fourinch) now in use is 28.442 miles; hydrants, public and private, number twenty-one; stop-gates, 243; blow-off gates, fourteen; pressure at centre of town, sixty-eight pounds to seventy-eight pounds; services in use (six-inch to three-quarter-inch, cast iron galvanised iron, cement and lead-lined iron), 14.606 miles; taps in use, 1,104; average length of service pipe. 69.85 feet; meters in use, 958, as follows: Nash, 496; Empire, 200; Mersey disk, 107; Crown seventy-six; Lambert, thirty-three; Columbia, twen tv-nine: Thomson, ten: Union rotary, five; Thom son, one; Neptune, one; percentage of metered services, eighty-nine: average cost of service for year, $24.15; estimated total population is 5.000; estimated population on lines of pipe, 4.840; estimated population supplied. 4,265; total consumption for the year. 57,479,577 gallons; passed through meters. 24,260.843 gallons; average daily constimn tion, 157.478 gallons; gallons per day to each inhab itant, 31.4*1; gallons per day to each consumer, 36.92, gallons per day to each tap, 142.51. Lewis M Man croft is a superintendent who knows exactly tin time and the way to do everything necessary to make the management of the waterworks a success. Me is a wellknown and zealous member of the New England Waterworks association.


The annual report of the waterworks of Watertown, Mass., for the fifth year of its municipal man agement shows that the amount of rates collected from the water takers is just about sufficient to cover the amount of the four fixed annual charges of the department and the interest thereon. The appropriation was $13,000; the Metropolitan water district. $313.20; collections were $37,103.if)—total. $50,496.36. The expenditures were $49,427.04, of which the construction account amounted to $7. 629.51; maintenance, $4,082.70; the balance paid the four fixed amounts referred to above ($9,800.16 be ing the metropolitan assessment)—total of $35. 120.16. while $2,634.58 was for rebate account and an overdraft of the preceding year.

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