Look to foam to aid us in the battle against the fire behavior increases and refresh our knowledge, skills, and abilities in the proper application of this great enhancer.
Paul Shapiro explains the processes for determining accurate pump discharge pressures using a flowmeter, an inline pressure gauge, and a handheld pitot gauge and offers tips for expediting calculations on the fireground and developing reference charts.
Mark J. Cotter cites contemporary research results to explain why applying the first hoseline from the exterior at a structural fire works and does not cause the negative results firefighters were taught in their training to expect if they used this approach.
P.J. Norwood dispels long-held myths associated with outside-in water application in a fire attack with research findings and proven results in the field.
Aaron Heller explains the reasons it is often necessary to flow a 2½-inch hoseline as the first line at a commercial fire.