The late Raymond Downey, deputy chief of the Fire Department of New York, was the recipient of the Congressional Fire Services Institute 2002 Mason Lankford Fire Service Leadership Award.
Since the beginning of the fire service, collapses have been a particular concern for responders. Building structures, regardless of the materials used in their construction and design, are susceptible to collapse for a variety of reasons. Hurricanes and tornadoes have a devastating effect on structures. The impact from fires and explosions certainly can add to any building`s instability. Building failure is usually the most destructive effect of earthquakes. Failures of building components suc